We have recently identified in two unrelated patients with bleeding tendency a homozygous mutation causing a deletion of one of the two contiguous Lys(9)/Lys(10) residues in the A-chain of alpha-thrombin (DeltaK9). We used in vitro expression analysis to clarify the role of the deletion of Lys(9) or Lys(10) in the thrombin function. The k(cat)/K(m) value of the hydrolysis by DeltaK9 of the synthetic substrate Phe-Pip-Arg-p-nitroanilide (where Pip represents l-pipecolyl) and fibrinopeptide A was 18- and 60-fold lower, respectively, compared with wild type (WT). Interaction with antithrombin was also reduced in the mutant, the association rate being about 20-fold lower than in the WT thrombin. The sensitivity to sodium ion of DeltaK9 was found significantly attenuated compared with the WT form. DeltaK9 has a very weak platelet-activating capacity, attributed to a severely defective PAR1 interaction, whereas the binding to the platelet glycoprotein Ibalpha was unaffected. Likewise, the interaction with protein C was severely impaired, whereas interaction with thrombomodulin had a normal K(d) value. At variance with these findings, both low affinity (basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor) and high affinity (N-alpha-[2-naphthylsulfonyl-glycyl]-4-amidinophenylalanine-piperidide) thrombin inhibitors displayed a better binding to DeltaK9 than to the WT form, indicating a better accommodation of these inhibitors into the catalytic pocket of DeltaK9. A molecular dynamics simulation of the DeltaK9 thrombin in full explicit water solvent provided support to the role of the A-chain in affecting conformation and catalytic properties of the B-chain, especially in some insertion loops of the enzyme, such as the 60-loop, as well as in the geometry of the catalytic triad residues.

A natural prothrombin mutant reveals an unexpected influence of the A-chain's structure on the activity of human α-thrombin / R. De Cristofaro, S. Akhavan, C. Altomare, A. Carotti, F. Peyvandi, P.M. Mannucci. - In: THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-9258. - 279:13(2004), pp. 13035-13043. [10.1074/jbc.M312430200]

A natural prothrombin mutant reveals an unexpected influence of the A-chain's structure on the activity of human α-thrombin

F. Peyvandi
Penultimo
;
P.M. Mannucci
Ultimo
2004

Abstract

We have recently identified in two unrelated patients with bleeding tendency a homozygous mutation causing a deletion of one of the two contiguous Lys(9)/Lys(10) residues in the A-chain of alpha-thrombin (DeltaK9). We used in vitro expression analysis to clarify the role of the deletion of Lys(9) or Lys(10) in the thrombin function. The k(cat)/K(m) value of the hydrolysis by DeltaK9 of the synthetic substrate Phe-Pip-Arg-p-nitroanilide (where Pip represents l-pipecolyl) and fibrinopeptide A was 18- and 60-fold lower, respectively, compared with wild type (WT). Interaction with antithrombin was also reduced in the mutant, the association rate being about 20-fold lower than in the WT thrombin. The sensitivity to sodium ion of DeltaK9 was found significantly attenuated compared with the WT form. DeltaK9 has a very weak platelet-activating capacity, attributed to a severely defective PAR1 interaction, whereas the binding to the platelet glycoprotein Ibalpha was unaffected. Likewise, the interaction with protein C was severely impaired, whereas interaction with thrombomodulin had a normal K(d) value. At variance with these findings, both low affinity (basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor) and high affinity (N-alpha-[2-naphthylsulfonyl-glycyl]-4-amidinophenylalanine-piperidide) thrombin inhibitors displayed a better binding to DeltaK9 than to the WT form, indicating a better accommodation of these inhibitors into the catalytic pocket of DeltaK9. A molecular dynamics simulation of the DeltaK9 thrombin in full explicit water solvent provided support to the role of the A-chain in affecting conformation and catalytic properties of the B-chain, especially in some insertion loops of the enzyme, such as the 60-loop, as well as in the geometry of the catalytic triad residues.
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
2004
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/208191
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