We have recently identified in two unrelated patients with bleeding tendency a homozygous mutation causing a deletion of one of the two contiguous Lys(9)/Lys(10) residues in the A-chain of alpha-thrombin (DeltaK9). We used in vitro expression analysis to clarify the role of the deletion of Lys(9) or Lys(10) in the thrombin function. The k(cat)/K(m) value of the hydrolysis by DeltaK9 of the synthetic substrate Phe-Pip-Arg-p-nitroanilide (where Pip represents l-pipecolyl) and fibrinopeptide A was 18- and 60-fold lower, respectively, compared with wild type (WT). Interaction with antithrombin was also reduced in the mutant, the association rate being about 20-fold lower than in the WT thrombin. The sensitivity to sodium ion of DeltaK9 was found significantly attenuated compared with the WT form. DeltaK9 has a very weak platelet-activating capacity, attributed to a severely defective PAR1 interaction, whereas the binding to the platelet glycoprotein Ibalpha was unaffected. Likewise, the interaction with protein C was severely impaired, whereas interaction with thrombomodulin had a normal K(d) value. At variance with these findings, both low affinity (basic pancreatic trypsin inhibitor) and high affinity (N-alpha-[2-naphthylsulfonyl-glycyl]-4-amidinophenylalanine-piperidide) thrombin inhibitors displayed a better binding to DeltaK9 than to the WT form, indicating a better accommodation of these inhibitors into the catalytic pocket of DeltaK9. A molecular dynamics simulation of the DeltaK9 thrombin in full explicit water solvent provided support to the role of the A-chain in affecting conformation and catalytic properties of the B-chain, especially in some insertion loops of the enzyme, such as the 60-loop, as well as in the geometry of the catalytic triad residues.
|Titolo:||A natural prothrombin mutant reveals an unexpected influence of the A-chain's structure on the activity of human α-thrombin|
PEYVANDI, FLORA (Penultimo)
MANNUCCI, PIER MANNUCCIO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1074/jbc.M312430200|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|