The present study was undertaken to determine the effect of furosemide on antigen-induced bronchoconstriction. Ten patients with stable asthma (eight men and two women), aged 17 to 48 years, were challenged with the same dose of allergen (Dermatophagoides pteronissinus, Parietaria, and grass mix) that had induced an FEV1 fall of at least 20% in a preliminary study on two occasions: immediately after placebo and furosemide (approximately 28 mg) administered by inhalation in random order and double-blind. Furosemide did not demonstrate any direct bronchodilator effect but markedly attenuated allergen-induced bronchoconstriction. The mean (95% confidence interval) maximum fall in FEV1 was 31.5% (40.2% to 22.8%) after placebo and 8.4% (11.8% to 4.9%) after furosemide administration. Furosemide, administered by aerosol to anesthetized guinea pigs actively sensitized to ovalbumin, dose dependently protected the animals from anaphylactic reaction. Infusion of furosemide (10 mg/kg for 10 minutes) failed to protect the animals from the anaphylactic response. In nonsensitized guinea pigs, the cardiovascular and pulmonary changes induced by histamine (10 micrograms/kg intravenously [i.v.]), leukotriene C4 (1 micrograms/kg i.v.), and platelet-activating factor (0.1 microgram/kg i.v.) were not modified by aerosol administration of furosemide (10 mg/ml for 10 minutes). In conclusion, inhaled furosemide induces a clear-cut protection against immediate obstructive reaction caused by areoallergerns and ovalbumin, both in subjects with asthma and actively sensitized guinea pigs, respectively.
|Titolo:||Prevention of antigen-induced early obstructive reaction by inhaled furosemide in (atopic) subjects with asthma and (actively sensitized) guinea pigs|
|Parole Chiave:||Randomized Controlled Trials ; Airway Resistance ; Anaphylaxis ; Bronchial Provocation Tests ; Asthma ; Furosemide ; Bronchodilator Agents|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1990|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0091-6749(90)90215-P|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|