Tiaramide hydrochloride (THC) is a benzothiazoline derivative with a remarkable antianaphylactic activity: in anaesthetized guinea-pig it shows protecting effects against histamine (H)- and bradykinin (Bk)-induced bronchoconstriction, preventing increase of lung resistance and decrease of dynamic compliance. At the same time THC inhibits formation of circulating thromboxane A2 brought about by H and Bk. THC is also able to antagonize the contractions induced by CaCl2 on isolated guinea-pig tracheal spirals and its mode of action seems to be of the competitive type. Furthermore THC abolishes the "tonic" phase of K+-induced contractions of guinea-pig taenia coli which are dependent on inward movement of calcium, whereas the "phasic" component of the contractions is left unaltered. THC is a very weak inhibitor of 3'-5' cyclic adenosine monophosphate phosphodiesterase which is affected only at very high dosage (10(-2) M). The calcium antagonistic activity of THC may explain both its bronchodilating and antianaphylactic properties.
|Titolo:||New pharmacological aspects on the antiasthmatic activity of tiaramide-HCl|
|Parole Chiave:||Anaphylaxis ; Asthma; Calcium Channel Blockers ; Benzothiazoles|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1982|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|