The aim of the present work was to assess if the cardioprotective drug defibrotide could counteract the hypercholesterolemia noxious effects on cardiovascular function. Aortas and hearts from normal- or cholesterol-fed rabbits, treated or not with chronic oral defibrotide (100 mg/kg/day) for 45 days, were used in in vitro tests throughout the experiment. Hypercholesterolemia worsened: aorta stickiness toward polymorphonuclear leukocytes, aorta relaxation to acetylcholine, heart left ventricular end-diastolic pressure and coronary perfusion pressure, heart left ventricular diastolic pressure, acetylcholine and endothelin-1 activity on coronary perfusion pressure, and heart generation of 6-Keto-prostaglandin F1alpha. Oral defibrotide counteracted and/or obliterated the above hypercholesterolemia noxious effects. Particularly, oral defibrotide counteracted the parameters associated with early endothelial cell disfunction: that is, increased adherence of leukocytes to endothelium and endothelial vasorelaxation induced by acetylcholine, which acts through the release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor. These activities of defibrotide are probably exerted through the increased generation of prostacyclin. The fact that acetylcholine induced vasorelaxation is partially protected by oral defibrotide points to a partial rescue of endothelial ability to generate endothelium-derived relaxing factor, as acethylcoline acts through the release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor, by defibrotide itself. Defibrotide's endothelial protection could, in turn, explains why defibrotide protected cardiovascular function. This is not surprising as, in a few cases, endothelial dysfunction, observed in hypercholesterolemia, was found to be prevented or reversed, pharmacologically, by PN-2001-10, a calcium channel blocker, dipyridamole, and lovastatin.
|Titolo:||Chronic oral defibrotide counteracts hypercholesterolemia noxious effects on cardiovascular function in the rabbit|
|Parole Chiave:||Atherosclerosis; Endothelial disfunction; Endothelial protection; Heart function; Hypercholesterolemia; Inflammation; Oxidative stress|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0049-3848(99)00009-2|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|