We evaluated the capacity of anti-aggregating agents to influence thromboxane A2 and prostacyclin formation, arachidonic acid-endoperoxide redirection, platelet aggregation and vessel tone, in isolated rabbit aorta incubated with homologous platelets. Picotamide (N,N′bis(3-pyridinylmethyl)-4-methoxy-isophthalamide), the only dual thromboxane A2-synthase inhibitor/receptor antagonist in clinical use, inhibited arachidonic acid-induced platelet aggregation with low potency, increased 180-fold by aorta presence. It inhibited thromboxane A2 formation in platelets and, in aorta presence, increased prostacyclin formation. Ozagrel (OKY-046, (E)-3-(4-(1-imidazolylmethyl)phenyl)-2-propenoic acid), a pure thromboxane A2-synthase inhibitor, behaved similarly to picotamide, although the aorta caused a higher (600-fold) shift. The potency of the antagonist SQ 29,548 (1S-(1α,2β(5Z),3β,4α))-7-(3((2-((phenylamino)carbonyl)hydrazino)methyl)-7-oxabicyclo(2.2.1)hept-2-yl)-5-heptenoic acid) was unaffected by aorta. In coincubation experiments, arachidonic acid-challenge increased thromboxane A2-dependent vessel tone; picotamide increased prostacyclin and reduced thromboxane A2 formation and vasoconstriction. Ozagrel mimicked picotamide; aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) reduced aorta contractility, thromboxane A2 and prostacyclin formation. SQ 29,548 reduced vasoconstriction without affecting eicosanoids. We demonstrate the importance of redirection of eicosanoids in the mechanism of action of thromboxane A2 inhibitors/antagonists within platelet–vascular wall interactions. These findings bear relevance in the development of novel anti-thrombotic drugs.
Evaluation of the effects of anti-thromboxane agents in platelet-vessel wall interaction / C. Buccellati, P. Ciceri, R. Ballerio, C. Casagrande, G. Folco, S. Nicosia. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0014-2999. - 443:1-3(2002 May 17), pp. 133-141.
|Titolo:||Evaluation of the effects of anti-thromboxane agents in platelet-vessel wall interaction|
BUCCELLATI, CAROLA (Primo)
CICERI, PAOLA (Secondo)
FOLCO, GIANCARLO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||(Rabbit); Picotamide; Platelet; Prostacyclin; Thromboxane A2; Vascular tissue|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-mag-2002|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0014-2999(02)01589-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|