This study aimed at increasing the efficiency and shortening the time required for administering cerebroside sulfate to cultured cells. For this purpose several modes of dispersion of a fluorescent derivative of cerebroside sulfate (sulfatide), in which the natural fatty acid has been replaced by pyrenedodecanoic acid (P12), were incubated with the cells. This fluorescent derivative of cerebroside sulfate (P12-CS) was introduced into the growth medium of the cells using the three following modes of dispersion: (1) P12-CS was dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide and added to the medium, (2) it was precomplexed with serum albumin or (3) incorporated into small, unilamellar vesicles (SUV) of phosphatidylcholine. With each of these respective modes of dispersion, the P12-CS was incubated for periods up to 48 h with cultured lymphoblasts or fibroblasts. Uptake by the cells could be determined by recording directly the cell-associated fluorescence, using a suspension of washed intact cells. The cell lipids were subsequently extracted with mixtures of chloroform/methanol and their fluorescence recorded. When related to the incubation time, uptake of P12-CS by the cells increased continuously using each of the above dispersions. The appearance of fluorescence at 475 nm ('excimer') and the ratio of this to the monomolecular fluorescence at 378 nm ('E/M') could be used as a measure for the presence of the internalized P12-CS in aggregated or fully dispersed states. These values (i.e., E/M), recorded on the suspensions of intact cells were rather high using the aqueous dispersions, intermediate values were observed using the SUV and rather low E/M values (0.5 or less) were observed using the preformed albumin-(P12-CS) complexes. Increasing the mole ratio of albumin to P12-CS (i.e., from 1:2 to 2:1 m/m), decreased the quantity of sulfatide which was taken up by the cells but also further decreased the E/M ratio, suggesting a fully dispersed state of the pyrene lipid within the cell. This indicated that, using an optimal albumin to P12-CS ratio of 1-2 (or its equivalent values in fetal calf serum) permitted an influx of single molecules of P12-CS into the cells. After 48 h, about 50% of the fluorescence of skin fibroblasts was found in metabolic degradation products of P12-CS. The parallel value for fibroblasts derived from a patient with metachromatic leukodystrophy was only about 5%. Appearance of the excimeric emission of a dispersion of P12-CS in water permitted estimation of its critical micellar concentration as being 7.5 x 10(-7) M.
CORRELATION OF THE DISPERSION STATE OF PYRENE CEREBROSIDE SULFATE AND ITS UPTAKE AND DEGRADATION BY CULTURED-CELLS / P. VIANI, S. MARCHESINI, B. CESTARO, S. GATT. - In: BIOCHIMICA ET BIOPHYSICA ACTA. - ISSN 0006-3002. - 1002:1(1989), pp. 20-27.
|Titolo:||CORRELATION OF THE DISPERSION STATE OF PYRENE CEREBROSIDE SULFATE AND ITS UPTAKE AND DEGRADATION BY CULTURED-CELLS|
VIANI, PAOLA (Primo)
CESTARO, BENVENUTO ALESSANDRO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Fluorescent sulfatide; Metachromatic leukodystrophy; Pyrene cerebroside sulfate; Sulfatide uptake|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1989|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0005-2760(89)90059-3|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|