The "long pentraxins" are an emerging family of genes that have conserved in their carboxy-terminal halves a pentraxin domain homologous to the prototypical acute phase protein pentraxins (C-reactive protein and serum amyloid P component) and acquired novel amino-terminal domains. In this report, a genomic fragment of 1371 nucleotides from the human "long pentraxin" gene PTX3 is characterized as a promoter on tumor necrosis factor- (TNF) and interleukin (IL)-1 exposure in transfected 8387 human fibroblasts by chloramphenicol acetyltransferase and RNase protection assays. In the same cells, the PTX3 promoter does not respond to IL-6 stimulation. Furthermore, IL-1 and TNF responsiveness is not seen in the Hep 3B hepatoma cell line. The minimal promoter contains one NF-B element which is shown to be necessary for induction and able to bind p50 homodimers and p65 heterodimers but not c-Rel. Mutants in this site lose the ability to bind NF-B proteins and to respond to TNF and IL-1 in functional assays. Sp1- and AP-1 binding sites lying in proximity to the NF-B site do not seem to play a major role for cytokine responsiveness. Finally, cotransfection experiments with expression vectors validate that the natural promoter contains a functional NF-B site.
|Titolo:||Characterization of the promoter for the human long pentraxin PTX3 : role of NF-kappaB in tumor necrosis factor-alfa and interleukin-1beta regulation|
|Autori interni:||BASILE, ANDREA (Primo)|
MANTOVANI, ALBERTO (Penultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/46 - Scienze Tecniche di Medicina di Laboratorio|
|Data di pubblicazione:||28-mar-1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1074/jbc.272.13.8172|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|