The present study is a biochemical validation of a food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) with optical reading, i.e. containing food portion photographs to help to assess quantities. Forty-four healthy subjects, non-smokers and not taking vitamin supplements, were recruited for the study. After completion of the questionnaire, subjects were asked to keep a 7 d weighed dietary record (7DR). Three 24 h urine samples were collected on 3 different days over the week of food recording for the analysis of urea-N, P and K. On the 4th day of food recording, blood was collected for determination of alpha-tocopherol, beta-carotene and ascorbic acid. N, P and K determined in urines and from 7DR were significantly correlated (Spearman rank correlation test), r values being 0.77, 0.57 and 0.42 respectively. The correlations with the FFQ were significant only for N (r 0.45) and P (r 0.39). Blood ascorbic acid and beta-carotene concentrations correlated with dietary intake when determined from 7DR (both r 0.44), but not when determined from FFQ. No correlation was found for alpha-tocopherol. The data obtained seem to prove the validity of the FFQ in defining eating patterns in terms of some nutrients, but not vitamins, at least as far as non-supplemented subjects are concerned. The way in which foods were grouped in the questionnaire could account for these results.
|Titolo:||Biochemical validation of a self-administered semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire|
PORRINI, MARISA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Diet Records; Questionnaires; Reproducibility of Results; Humans; Phosphorus; Potassium; Urea; Eating; beta Carotene; Vitamin E; Adult; Ascorbic Acid; Carotenoids; Female; Male; Nitrogen|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/49 - Scienze Tecniche Dietetiche Applicate|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1079/BJN19950138|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|