It is well known that the dicarboximide fungicides, vinclozolin and iprodione, induce lipid peroxidation by means of oxygen activation in fungi, but their action on mammalian cells is not yet clear. We therefore investigated the effect of 1- and 24-h treatments with vinclozolin at concentrations of 25, 50, 100 μg/ml and iprodione at concentration of 62.5, 125, 250 μg/ml on malonaldehyde and free radical production and on reduced glutathione levels in the human HepG2 hepatoma cell line. The concentrations were chosen on the basis of neutral red cytotoxicity assays. One-hour treatment with the different concentrations of either vinclozolin or iprodione increased both malonaldehyde and free radical content, and decreased reduced glutathione levels, whereas 24-h treatment decreased malonaldehyde content and free radical production, and increased reduced glutathione concentration. These results suggest that the mammalian cells respond to the initial oxidative damage caused by the two dicarboximide fungicides by means of a characteristic adaptative phenomenon within 24 h. This hypothesis is supported by the antagonized effects caused by treatment with the two dicarboximide fungicides and buthionine sulfoximine 0.5 mM, a specific and irreversible inhibitor of reduced glutathione synthesis. The data confirm that the two dicarboximide fungicides maintain their specific action in mammalian cells, although this action is masked by adaptation. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
|Titolo:||Adaptation to oxidative stress: effects of vinclozolin and iprodione on the HepG2 cell line|
MARABINI, LAURA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0300-483X(98)00086-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|