Orthostatic intolerance is a common problem for inbound space travelers. There is usually tachycardia on standing but blood pressure may be normal, low or, rarely, elevated. This condition is analogous to the orthostatic intolerance that occurs on Earth in individuals with orthostatic tachycardia, palpitations, mitral valve prolapse, and light-headedness. Our studies during the Neurolab mission indicated that sympathetic nerve traffic is raised in microgravity and that plasma norepinephrine is higher than baseline supine levels but lower than baseline upright levels. A subgroup of patients with familial orthostatic intolerance differ from inbound space travelers in that they have an alanine-to-to-proline mutation at amino acid position 457 in their norepinephrine transporter gene. This leads to poor clearance of norepinephrine from synapses, with consequent raised heart rate. Clinical features of these syndromes are presented.
|Titolo:||Orthostatic intolerance and the postural tachycardia syndrome : genetic and environment pathophysiologies. Neurolab Autonomic Team|
|Parole Chiave:||Autonomic ; Microgravity ; Orthostatic intolerance ; Postural tachycardia syndrome ; Sympathetic|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s004240000353|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|