Commonly used medicinal plant extracts with standardized content of polyphenols were investigated for their total antioxidant activity (TAA). Green tea, oligomeric procyanidins (from grape seed and pine bark), bilberry, and ginkgo exhibited TAA in the range of 5.12-2.57 mM Trolox, thereby indicating a valuable antioxidant capacity. Witch hazel, propolis EPID, artichoke, and hawthorn afforded lower TAA (1.54-0.44 mM Trolox), whereas echinacea, ginseng, passionflower, sweet clover, and eleuthero were rather uneffective (TAA < 0.32 mM Trolox). Excipients normally used to prepare the extracts did not interfere with the assay, and a good correlation between the content of polyphenols and the TAA was assessed. The measured TAA was higher than those calculated from the content and antioxidant potential of specific components, as exemplified for green tea and ginkgo extracts. This may be attributed to the presence in these extracts of other substances with antioxidant capacity. On the other hand, some components (such as ginkgolides in ginkgo extract) insensitive to the TAA assay played an important antioxidant role in vivo. These results suggest that TAA determination is of interest for a comparative evaluation of in vitro antioxidant potential, but it needs to be combined with in vivo data for adequate assessment of the antioxidant capacity of medicinal plant extracts.

Antioxidant activity of selected medicinal plants / P.G. Pietta, P. Simonetti, P.L. Mauri. - In: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-8561. - 46:11(1998), pp. 4487-4490.

Antioxidant activity of selected medicinal plants

P. Simonetti
Secondo
;
1998

Abstract

Commonly used medicinal plant extracts with standardized content of polyphenols were investigated for their total antioxidant activity (TAA). Green tea, oligomeric procyanidins (from grape seed and pine bark), bilberry, and ginkgo exhibited TAA in the range of 5.12-2.57 mM Trolox, thereby indicating a valuable antioxidant capacity. Witch hazel, propolis EPID, artichoke, and hawthorn afforded lower TAA (1.54-0.44 mM Trolox), whereas echinacea, ginseng, passionflower, sweet clover, and eleuthero were rather uneffective (TAA < 0.32 mM Trolox). Excipients normally used to prepare the extracts did not interfere with the assay, and a good correlation between the content of polyphenols and the TAA was assessed. The measured TAA was higher than those calculated from the content and antioxidant potential of specific components, as exemplified for green tea and ginkgo extracts. This may be attributed to the presence in these extracts of other substances with antioxidant capacity. On the other hand, some components (such as ginkgolides in ginkgo extract) insensitive to the TAA assay played an important antioxidant role in vivo. These results suggest that TAA determination is of interest for a comparative evaluation of in vitro antioxidant potential, but it needs to be combined with in vivo data for adequate assessment of the antioxidant capacity of medicinal plant extracts.
Medicinal plants; polyphenols; total antioxidant activity; total radical-trapping antioxidant parameter
Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/190742
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