A 7-month-old Korat cat was referred for a slowly progressive neurological disease. Circulating monocytes and lymphocytes showed the presence of single or multiple empty vacuoles and blood leukocytes enzyme assay revealed a very low beta-galactosidase activity level (4.7 nmol/mg per h) as compared to unaffected parents and relatives. Histologically, the cat, euthanized at the owner request at 21 months of age, presented diffuse vacuolization and enlargement of neurons throughout the brain, spinal cord and peripheral ganglia, severe cerebellar neuronal cell loss, and moderate astrocytosis. Stored material was stained with periodic acid-Schiff on frozen sections and with the lectins Ricinus communis agglutinin-I, concanavalin A and wheat germ agglutinin on paraffin-embedded sections. Ultrastructurally, neuronal vacuoles were filled with concentrically whorled lamellae and small membrane-bound vesicles. In the affected cat, beta-galactosidase activity was markedly reduced in brain (18.9%) and liver (33.25%), while total beta-hexosaminidase activity showed a remarkable increase. Quantitation of total gangliosides revealed a 3-fold increase in brain and 1.7-fold in liver of affected cat. High-performance thin layer chromatography (HPTLC) detected a striking increase of G(M1)-ganglioside. On densitometric analysis of HPTLC bands, the absorption of G(M1)-ganglioside band was 98.52% of all stained bands (G(D1a),G(D1b), G(T1b)). Based on clinical onset, morphological and histochemical features, and biochemical findings, the Korat cat G(M1)-gangliosidosis is comparable with the human type II (juvenile) form. However, clinical progression, survival time and level of beta-galactosidase deficiency do not completely fit with those of human type II G(M1)-gangliosidosis. The disease in the Korat cat is also different from other reported forms of feline G(M1)-gangliosidosis.
|Titolo:||beta-Glactosidase deficiency in a Korat cat: a new form of feline G(M1)-gangliosidosis|
|Parole Chiave:||Animal disease model; Feline lysosomal storage disease; Gangliosidosis G(M1)|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1007/s004010050899|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|