The recently reported NMR solution structure of FeIIIFeIII parsley FdI has made possible 2D NOESY NMR studies to determine the point of attachment of CrIIIL in FeIIIFeIII...CrIIIL. The latter Cr-modified product was obtained by reduction of FeIIIFeIII parsley and spinach FdI forms with [Cr(15-aneN4) (H2O)2]2+ (15-aneN4 = 1,4,8,12-tetraazacyclopentadecane), referred to here as CrIIL, followed by air oxidation and chromatographic purification. From a comparison of NMR cross-peak intensities of native and Cr-modified proteins, two surface sites designated A and B, giving large paramagnetic CrIIIL broadening of a number of amino acid peaks, have been identified. The effects at site A (residues 19-22, 27, and 30) are greater than those at site B (residues 92-94 and 96), which is on the opposite side of the protein. From metal (ICP-AES) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (EIMS) analyses on the Cr-modified protein, attachment of a single CrIIIL only is confirmed for both parsley and spinach FdI and FdII proteins. Electrostatic interaction of the 3+ CrIIIL center covalently attached to one protein molecule (charge approximately -18) with a second (like) molecule provides an explanation for the involvement of two regions. Thus for 3-4 mM FeIIIFeIII...CrIIIL solutions used in NMR studies (CrIIIL attached at A), broadening effects due to electrostatic interactions at B on a second molecule are observed. Experiments with the Cys18Ala spinach FdI variant have confirmed that the previously suggested Cys-18 at site A is not the site of CrIIIL attachment. Line broadening at Val-22 of A gives the largest effect, and CrIIIL attachment at one or more adjacent (conserved) acidic residues in this region is indicated. The ability of CrIIL to bind in some (parsley and spinach) but not all cases (Anabaena variabilis) suggests that intramolecular H-bonding of acidic residues at A is relevant. The parsley and spinach FeIIFeIII...CrIIIL products undergo a second stage of reduction with the formation of FeIIFeII...CrIIIL. However, the spinach Glu92Ala (site B) variant undergoes only the first stage of reduction, and it appears that Glu-92 is required for the second stage of reduction to occur. A sample of CrIIIL-modified parsley FeIIIFeIII Fd is fully active as an electron carrier in the NADPH-cytochrome c reductase reaction catalyzed by ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase.
The CrIIL reduction of [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins and site of attachment of CrIII using 1H NMR and site-directed mutagenesis / S.C. Im, J.A. Worrall, G. Liu, A. Aliverti, G. Zanetti, C. Luchinat, I. Bertini, A.G. Sykes. - In: INORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0020-1669. - 39:8(2000 Apr 17), pp. 1755-1764.
|Titolo:||The CrIIL reduction of [2Fe-2S] ferredoxins and site of attachment of CrIII using 1H NMR and site-directed mutagenesis|
|Parole Chiave:||protein ; ferredoxin ; iron-sulfur cluster ; prosthetic group ; electron transfer ; biological oxidoreduction ; enzyme ; protein engineering|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica|
Settore BIO/11 - Biologia Molecolare
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
|Data di pubblicazione:||17-apr-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ic991127w|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|