Data have been collected indicating possible functions for histamine in brain but there are only a very few data, collected exclusively with behavioural tests, about the effects of histamine on the perception of the pain, an important aspect in the homeostasis of the human body. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of histamine, injected directly into the lateral cerebral ventriculi on the firing of nociceptive thalamic neurones, detected by electrophysiological techniques in rats rendered arthritic by injection of Freund's adjuvant into the left hindfoot. The noxious test stimuli used were either extension or flexion of the ankle or mild lateral pressure on the heel. With increasing doses of histamine (5, 10, 20, 40 micrograms) it was possible to observe an increasing inhibitory and long-lasting effects of the evoked activity, with a significant dose-effect linear regression. The inhibitory responses, induced by histamine, probably by a hyperpolarization phenomenon that decreased excitatory postsynaptic potentials, were clues for the presence of a histaminergic pathway in parallel with and/or in connection with other adrenergic, gabaergic, serotoninergic and opioidoergic pathways that regulate the transmission and the modulation of algogenic electrophysiological messages.
|Titolo:||Electrophysiological correlates for antinociceptive effects of histamine after intracerebral administration to the rat|
SIBILIA, VALERIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||analgesia; electrophysiology; histamine; intraventricular injection; thalamus|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||set-1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0028-3908(92)90133-A|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|