Analytical examination of blue paint samples, taken from different artworks dating from the second century AD until 1960, was carried out using FTIR microspectroscopy (both in reflection and transmission mode, the latter with the aid of a diamond cell) supported by micro-Raman spectroscopy and SEM observations as well as EDX spectrometry. Pigments examined included azurite, Egyptian blue and ultramarine blue, either natural or artificial. Characteristic spectra for each pigment are presented and an account for the principal differences observed is given. In particular, the FTIR's capability of probing single pigment grains on the surface of paint cross-sections, when integrated with a microscope, brought to light frequency differences and orientation behaviour of the bands of the various minerals used as painting materials. Indeed, a striking effect of shifting and variation of intensity of some of the bands of azurite and Egyptian blue was noted and related to polarization phenomena occurring when the incident light stroke differently oriented faces of the single pigment crystals. The effects of different mineralogical composition of the semi-precious stone lapis-lazuli (from which ultramarine blue is derived) on the appearance of the spectrum of the pigment are also discussed. Finally, a means of distinguishing the natural from the artificial ultramarine blue pigment, on the basis of their FTIR spectra, is proposed.

Spectrochemical characterization by micro-FTIR spectroscopy of blue pigments in different polychrome works of art / S. Bruni, F. Cariati, F. Casadio, L. Toniolo. - In: VIBRATIONAL SPECTROSCOPY. - ISSN 0924-2031. - 20:1(1999), pp. 15-25.

Spectrochemical characterization by micro-FTIR spectroscopy of blue pigments in different polychrome works of art

S. Bruni
Primo
;
F. Cariati
Secondo
;
1999

Abstract

Analytical examination of blue paint samples, taken from different artworks dating from the second century AD until 1960, was carried out using FTIR microspectroscopy (both in reflection and transmission mode, the latter with the aid of a diamond cell) supported by micro-Raman spectroscopy and SEM observations as well as EDX spectrometry. Pigments examined included azurite, Egyptian blue and ultramarine blue, either natural or artificial. Characteristic spectra for each pigment are presented and an account for the principal differences observed is given. In particular, the FTIR's capability of probing single pigment grains on the surface of paint cross-sections, when integrated with a microscope, brought to light frequency differences and orientation behaviour of the bands of the various minerals used as painting materials. Indeed, a striking effect of shifting and variation of intensity of some of the bands of azurite and Egyptian blue was noted and related to polarization phenomena occurring when the incident light stroke differently oriented faces of the single pigment crystals. The effects of different mineralogical composition of the semi-precious stone lapis-lazuli (from which ultramarine blue is derived) on the appearance of the spectrum of the pigment are also discussed. Finally, a means of distinguishing the natural from the artificial ultramarine blue pigment, on the basis of their FTIR spectra, is proposed.
Artworks; Blue pigments; FTIR spectroscopy
Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica
Settore CHIM/12 - Chimica dell'Ambiente e dei Beni Culturali
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/188251
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