Background: This study evaluates the specificity of some reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assays for the detection of residual tumor cells in breast cancer patients. The following markers have been analysed: carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), cytokeratins (CK19 and CK20), polymorphic epithelial mucin (MUC-1), epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), maspin, and mammaglobin. RT-PCR was employed to detect breast cancer cells in peripheral blood (PB), bone marrow (BM), and stem cell leukoaphereses (PBPC). Patients and methods: We evaluated the specificity of our RT-PCR assays on a panel of breast cancer specimens (n = 30), on PBPC in patients undergoing high-dose chemotherapy (n = 38), on BM (n = 7) and PB (n = 5) samples obtained from patients with breast cancer. Marrow cells, PB, and PBPC from normal subjects or hematological tumor patients were tested as negative controls. Results: Only maspin and mammaglobin met the criteria of sensitivity and specificity required for the detection of residual disease; they were expressed in 80% and 97% of breast cancer specimens, respectively, and not expressed in normal controls. CK19, CK20, EGFR, MUC-1, and CEA were sometimes expressed in normal blood cells and/or hematological tumors. Conclusions: Our data support the notion that maspin and mammaglobin are useful markers for RT-PCR detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in breast cancer patients, and that perspective clinical studies are needed to determine wether RT-PCR assays will be useful in assessing prognosis, tailoring therapy, or developing new strategies for ex vivo purging.
|Titolo:||Naturally occurring anticoagulants and bone marrow transplantation: plasma protein C predicts the development of venocclusive disease of the liver|
|Parole Chiave:||Breast cancer; Mammaglobin; Maspin; Residual disease|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-giu-1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|