Human spermatozoa contain appreciable amounts of intracellular glutathione, which has a protective function against peroxidative degradation of spermatozoal polyunsaturated fatty acids by the NADPH-dependent glutathione peroxidase/reductase enzymatic system. The glutathione system provides a basic defense against peroxidative damage, without which the superoxide dismutase system would dominate. Since oxidative damage is said to include enzyme leakage and changes in metabolism, cytochrome oxidase and lactate dehydrogenase activities were used as indicators of the energy metabolism in unwashed and washed human spermatozoa during lipid peroxidation. Lipid peroxidation was induced by aerobic incubation of sperms in the presence of sodium ascorbate and ferrous sulphate. In addition, since NADPH concentrations influence the concentration of reduced glutathione, we studied glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity as an indicator of pentose phosphate shunt activity, the main source of NADPH. Microdensitometric measurements of the three enzymes were made by a Vickers M85a scanning microdensitometer. We found that the lipid peroxidation process greatly affects the 3 enzymatic activities examined and that seminal plasma protects against the extensive deleterious effects of lipid peroxidation.
Cytophotometric assay of cytochrome oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities in human peroxidized spermatozoa / B. Ferrandi, F. Cremonesi, A. Lange-Consiglio, A. Carnevali, F. Porcelli. - In: ACTA HISTOCHEMICA. - ISSN 0065-1281. - 93:2(1992), pp. 363-370.
|Titolo:||Cytophotometric assay of cytochrome oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities in human peroxidized spermatozoa|
FERRANDI, BRUNO (Primo)
CREMONESI, FAUSTO (Secondo)
CARNEVALI, ANTINO (Penultimo)
PORCELLI, FRANCA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0065-1281(11)80105-4|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|