It has been suggested that along the female genital tract spontaneous lipid peroxidation regulates the limit of the lifetime of spermatozoa. We have studied some aspects of rabbit and mouse spermatozoal metabolism during spontaneous lipid peroxidation in the course of the incubation in media which simulate the oviductal environment. The spermatozoa collected at regular intervals after the beginning of incubation were processed for cytochemical detection of cytochrome oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities. Quantitative cytochemical assays were made in situ in individual spermatozoa by microdensitometry. The cytochrome oxidase activity significantly decreased in both species because of damage to mitochondrial enzymes and membranes by radical and non-radical products of lipid peroxidation. The change in lactate dehydrogenase activity indicates that under our experimental conditions the lipid peroxidation process damages membrane permeability more markedly in mouse spermatozoa. The glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity, which should influence the concentration of reduced glutathione through production of NADPH, is more extensively enhanced in mouse spermatozoa than in rabbit spermatozoa. This is in agreement with the fact that in mouse spermatozoa the glutathione system is the major protective defence against oxidative damage while in rabbit spermatozoa it is superoxide dismutase.

Lipid peroxidation and sperm metabolism during incubation in media simulating the oviductal microenviroment / B. Ferrandi, A. Lange-Consiglio, A. Carnevali, F. Porcelli. - In: CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0145-5680. - 41:2(1995), pp. 327-333.

Lipid peroxidation and sperm metabolism during incubation in media simulating the oviductal microenviroment

B. Ferrandi
Primo
;
A. Lange-Consiglio
Secondo
;
A. Carnevali
Penultimo
;
F. Porcelli
Ultimo
1995

Abstract

It has been suggested that along the female genital tract spontaneous lipid peroxidation regulates the limit of the lifetime of spermatozoa. We have studied some aspects of rabbit and mouse spermatozoal metabolism during spontaneous lipid peroxidation in the course of the incubation in media which simulate the oviductal environment. The spermatozoa collected at regular intervals after the beginning of incubation were processed for cytochemical detection of cytochrome oxidase, lactate dehydrogenase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activities. Quantitative cytochemical assays were made in situ in individual spermatozoa by microdensitometry. The cytochrome oxidase activity significantly decreased in both species because of damage to mitochondrial enzymes and membranes by radical and non-radical products of lipid peroxidation. The change in lactate dehydrogenase activity indicates that under our experimental conditions the lipid peroxidation process damages membrane permeability more markedly in mouse spermatozoa. The glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity, which should influence the concentration of reduced glutathione through production of NADPH, is more extensively enhanced in mouse spermatozoa than in rabbit spermatozoa. This is in agreement with the fact that in mouse spermatozoa the glutathione system is the major protective defence against oxidative damage while in rabbit spermatozoa it is superoxide dismutase.
Settore VET/01 - Anatomia degli Animali Domestici
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/187850
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