The role of the interactions between serotonin (5-HT) and muramyl dipeptide (MDP) and interleukin-1 (IL-1) in sleep control and thermoregulation was evaluated To this purpose, MDP and IL-1 were injected intracerebroventricularly at dark onset into freely moving rats pretreated twice intraperitoneally with para-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) (300 mg/kg), which depletes brain 5-HT and causes insomnia. Fever and slow-wave sleep (SWS) enhancement induced by 150 pmol MDP were completely blocked in PCPA-pretreated rats. Only the first phase of the biphasic increase in SWS induced by 2.5 ng IL-1 was suppressed by PCPA pretreatment, whereas fever remained unaffected. These results suggest that 1) MDP effects on both sleep-wake activity and brain cortical temperature are mediated by the serotonergic system; 2) the mechanisms mediating the first and the second phases of IL-1-induced SWS excess are different: 5-HT could be involved in the first phase, but not in the second one; and 3) the 5-HT system does not appear to be involved in IL-l-induced fever.
Muramyl dipeptide and IL-1 effects on sleep and brain temperature after inhibition of serotonin synthesis / L. Imeri, S. Bianchi, M. Mancia. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY. REGULATORY, INTEGRATIVE AND COMPARATIVE PHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0363-6119. - 273:5(1997), pp. R1663-R1668.
|Titolo:||Muramyl dipeptide and IL-1 effects on sleep and brain temperature after inhibition of serotonin synthesis|
IMERI, LUCA (Primo)
BIANCHI, SUSANNA EMMA FRANCESCA (Secondo)
MANCIA, MAURO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Cytokine; Fever; Rat; Thermeregulation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|