We evaluated acute and long-term clinical and angiographic results of elective Palmaz-Schatz coronary stent implantation for left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ostial stenosis in 23 consecutive patients. Eight patients had stable angina, 14 had unstable angina, and 1 had recent myocardial infarction. Sixteen patients had single-vessel, 5 had double-vessel, and 2 had triple-vessel disease. Clinical success without major complications (death, acute myocardial infarction, emergency coronary artery bypass grafting) was obtained in all cases and technical success in 20 cases (86.9%). After stenting, minimal lumen diameter increased from 1.05 +/- 0.45 mm to 2.89 +/- 0.52 mm (p < 0.001), and percent diameter stenosis decreased from 65.49% +/- 13.36% to 2.94% +/- 19.93% (p < 0.001). One case of subacute thrombosis and no major bleeding occurred. Twenty patients were followed-up for 6 months, during which no acute cardiac event (death, acute myocardial infarction) was observed. Eighteen patients were eligible for follow-up coronary angiography; restenosis (> or = 50% diameter stenosis) was observed in 4 (22.2%). Minimal lumen diameter was 1.77 +/- 0.55 mm, percent diameter stenosis was 39.66% +/- 17.62%, late loss was 1.01 +/- 0.69 mm, net gain was 0.79 +/- 0.55 mm, and loss index (late loss/acute gain) was 0.53 +/- 0.37. This study suggests that elective Palmaz-Schatz stent implantation may be a safe and successful treatment of LAD ostial lesions and provides a large increase in lumen diameter.

Treatment of ostial lesions of the left anterior descending coronary artery with Palmaz-Schatz coronary stent / N.B. De Cesare, A.L.G. Bartorelli, S. Galli, A. Loaldi, F. Fabbiocchi, P. Sganzerla, P. Montorsi, M. Guazzi. - In: AMERICAN HEART JOURNAL. - ISSN 0002-8703. - 132:4(1996 Oct), pp. 716-20-720. [10.1016/S0002-8703(96)90302-6]

Treatment of ostial lesions of the left anterior descending coronary artery with Palmaz-Schatz coronary stent

A.L.G. Bartorelli
Secondo
;
A. Loaldi;P. Montorsi
Penultimo
;
M. Guazzi
1996

Abstract

We evaluated acute and long-term clinical and angiographic results of elective Palmaz-Schatz coronary stent implantation for left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ostial stenosis in 23 consecutive patients. Eight patients had stable angina, 14 had unstable angina, and 1 had recent myocardial infarction. Sixteen patients had single-vessel, 5 had double-vessel, and 2 had triple-vessel disease. Clinical success without major complications (death, acute myocardial infarction, emergency coronary artery bypass grafting) was obtained in all cases and technical success in 20 cases (86.9%). After stenting, minimal lumen diameter increased from 1.05 +/- 0.45 mm to 2.89 +/- 0.52 mm (p < 0.001), and percent diameter stenosis decreased from 65.49% +/- 13.36% to 2.94% +/- 19.93% (p < 0.001). One case of subacute thrombosis and no major bleeding occurred. Twenty patients were followed-up for 6 months, during which no acute cardiac event (death, acute myocardial infarction) was observed. Eighteen patients were eligible for follow-up coronary angiography; restenosis (> or = 50% diameter stenosis) was observed in 4 (22.2%). Minimal lumen diameter was 1.77 +/- 0.55 mm, percent diameter stenosis was 39.66% +/- 17.62%, late loss was 1.01 +/- 0.69 mm, net gain was 0.79 +/- 0.55 mm, and loss index (late loss/acute gain) was 0.53 +/- 0.37. This study suggests that elective Palmaz-Schatz stent implantation may be a safe and successful treatment of LAD ostial lesions and provides a large increase in lumen diameter.
Coronary Angiography; Humans; Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary; Recurrence; Coronary Disease; Equipment Design; Treatment Outcome; Stents; Follow-Up Studies; Middle Aged; Time Factors; Female; Male
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/187506
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