It is hypothesized that the somnogenic and pyrogenic effects of muramyl dipeptide (MDP) are mediated via enhanced interleukin-1 (IL-1) production. To test this hypothesis the effects of intracerebroventricular (icv) administration of a recombinant human soluble type I IL-1 receptor (sIL-1r) and of the IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) on MDP-induced sleep and fever were evaluated in rabbits. The sIL-1r recognized rabbit IL-1beta, but it did not affect sleep or brain temperature across the dose range tested (1-50 mug) when injected icv into normal rabbits. Pretreatment of rabbits with 50 mug sIL-1r or 10 mug IL-1ra blocked human recombinant IL-1-enhanced non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep and fever. Thus both the sIL-1r and the IL-1ra were effective antagonists of IL-1 actions. When the animals were pretreated with either 50 mug sIL-1r or with 10 or 100 mug of the IL-1ra, the somnogenic effects of 150 pmol MDP were attenuated. However, the sIL-1r had little effect on MDP-induced febrile responses. These results suggest that the sIL-1r and the IL-1ra can function as antagonists of IL-1 actions in vivo and that MDP-induced sleep and fever are partially mediated by IL-1.
|Titolo:||AN IL-1 RECEPTOR AND AN IL-1 RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST ATTENUATE MURAMYL DIPEPTIDE- AND IL-1-INDUCED SLEEP AND FEVER|
IMERI, LUCA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||CYTOKINE; NON-RAPID EYE MOVEMENT SLEEP; RABBIT|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/09 - Fisiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|