2-(4-Chloro-3-hydroxyphenyl)ethylamine (4) and some derivatives were synthesized as dopamine (DA) receptor ligands. Amine 4 retains the dopaminergic pharmacophore 2-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-ethylamine, and the chlorine atom replaces the "para" hydroxyl group of DA. The derivatives 18a-e were obtained by introducing on the nitrogen of amine 4 the n-propyl and 2-phenylethyl or 3-phenylpropyl groups which can be accommodated by the D-2 receptor lipophilic sites 3C and π3 respectively. The affinity and selectivity of these compounds for D-1 and D-2 subtypes was determined in radioligand competition assays for the DA receptors of rat striatum membranes using [3H]SCH 23390 (D-1 selective) and [3H]spiperone (D-2 selective) as radioligands. The amine 4 shows about 7-fold lower affinity than DA for both sites and is not able to discriminate between the two subtypes of DA receptors. The introduction of two n-propyl groups (18a) on the nitrogen atom reduces by one-half and doubles the affinity for D-1 and D-2 binding sites, respectively. The substitution of an n-propyl group with different alkylphenyl groups, to give compounds 18b-e, increases the affinity for the D-2 subtype from 19-fold to 36-fold. These compounds have the same affinity at the D-2 site as the DA agonist N-n-propyl-N-(2-phenylethyl)-2-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-ethylamine (2a) and are about 20 times more selective than DA for this binding site. In the assay for D-2 receptor mediated inhibition of adenylate cyclase activity, all the tested compounds behaved as D-2 agonists; N-n-propyl-N-[2(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl]- (18d) and N-n-propyl-N-(2-phenylethyl)-2-(4-chloro-3-hydroxyphenyl)ethylamine (18b) were more effective than DA or 2a. On the other hand, all compounds were less effective than DA in stimulation of adenylate cyclase activity in rat striatal homogenates, a kind of effect which is mediated by the D-1 subtype of DA receptors. These results suggest that the nitrogen substitution enhances the affinity and selectivity for the D-2 receptor. In the adenylate cyclase assay, the compounds behave as potent D-2 agonists.
|Titolo:||SYNTHESIS AND PHARMACOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF 2-(4-CHLORO-3-HYDROXYPHENYL)ETHYLAMINE AND N,N-DIALKYL DERIVATIVES AS DOPAMINE RECEPTOR LIGANDS|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1992|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/jm00101a018|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|