The possible involvement of arachidonic acid (AA) or its metabolites in β-adrenoceptor desensitization has been studied in rat lung parenchyma both from a functional and a biochemical point of view. In vitro perfusion of rat lungs with AA (3×10-5M for 20 min) reduced the relaxant effect of isoproterenol (ISO) on lung parenchymal strips, shown by a shift to the right of ISO dose-response curve, similar to that obtained using desensitizing concentration of specific β-agonist. Moreover, AA treatment reduced the capacity of ISO to stimulate adenylate-cyclase activity, whereas the number of β-receptor binding sites was not significantly modified. Inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase pathway by indomethacin (INDO) (1.5 × 10-5M) prevented both the loss of ISO-relaxing capacity and the decrease of adenylate-cyclase activity induced by AA treatment. In order to support the role of eicosanoids in β-adrenoceptor desensitization, changes of endogenous free AA levels have also been studied in lung homogenates. Perfusion of rat lung with ISO (10-6M for 20 min) decreased by about 50% the levels of free AA and the pretreatment with BW755C (9×10-5M), a lipo- and cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor, prevented this phenomenon. On the basis of these results, we suggest that the activation of AA cascade is actually involved in β-adrenoceptor desensitization in lung tissues with a possible interference at the site beyond the drug-receptor interaction.

ARACHIDONIC-ACID METABOLITES INDUCE BETA-ADRENOCEPTOR DESENSITIZATION IN RAT LUNG IN VITRO / L. DAFFONCHIO, M.P. ABBRACCHIO, A. HERNANDEZ, E. GIANI, F. CATTABENI, C. OMINI. - In: PROSTAGLANDINS. - ISSN 0090-6980. - 30:5(1985), pp. 799-809.

ARACHIDONIC-ACID METABOLITES INDUCE BETA-ADRENOCEPTOR DESENSITIZATION IN RAT LUNG IN VITRO

M.P. ABBRACCHIO;F. CATTABENI;
1985

Abstract

The possible involvement of arachidonic acid (AA) or its metabolites in β-adrenoceptor desensitization has been studied in rat lung parenchyma both from a functional and a biochemical point of view. In vitro perfusion of rat lungs with AA (3×10-5M for 20 min) reduced the relaxant effect of isoproterenol (ISO) on lung parenchymal strips, shown by a shift to the right of ISO dose-response curve, similar to that obtained using desensitizing concentration of specific β-agonist. Moreover, AA treatment reduced the capacity of ISO to stimulate adenylate-cyclase activity, whereas the number of β-receptor binding sites was not significantly modified. Inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase pathway by indomethacin (INDO) (1.5 × 10-5M) prevented both the loss of ISO-relaxing capacity and the decrease of adenylate-cyclase activity induced by AA treatment. In order to support the role of eicosanoids in β-adrenoceptor desensitization, changes of endogenous free AA levels have also been studied in lung homogenates. Perfusion of rat lung with ISO (10-6M for 20 min) decreased by about 50% the levels of free AA and the pretreatment with BW755C (9×10-5M), a lipo- and cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor, prevented this phenomenon. On the basis of these results, we suggest that the activation of AA cascade is actually involved in β-adrenoceptor desensitization in lung tissues with a possible interference at the site beyond the drug-receptor interaction.
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
PROSTAGLANDINS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/186715
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