The causes of thrombosis and pregnancy loss in anti phospholipid syndrome (APS) are still unknown, although several hypotheses have been proposed and hypofibrinolysis has been implicated. Anti-tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) antibodies may induce fibrinolytic defects and preliminary data indicate an association with thrombosis in APS. We measured plasma anti-tPA antibody levels in 91 consecutive patients with APS, 91 healthy controls, 40 patients with antiphospholipid antibodies without APS symptoms, and 23 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) without antiphospholipid antibodies and APS symptoms. Patients with APS had anti-tPA antibody levels higher than controls (P = .0001), patients with SLE (P = .0001), and asymptomatic antiphospholipid patients (P = .05). A subgroup of 53 patients had plasma levels of tPA antigen higher (P = .0001) and tPA activity lower (P = .05) than controls, with an inverse correlation (r = -0.454; P = .003) between anti-tPA antibody levels and tPA activity and no correlation with tPA antigen. The 2 patients with the highest antibody levels had tPA activity below the normal range. Their antibodies were, respectively, IgG1 and IgG3; both recognized human tPA, recombinant tPA, and the catalytic domain of tPA, but not beta(2)-glycoprotein 1, prothrombin, or plasminogen. Our data indicate that anti-tPA antibodies specifically interacting with the catalytic domain of tPA can be found in patients with APS, representing a possible cause of hypofibrinolysis.
|Titolo:||Antibodies to tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome : evidence of interaction between the antibodies and the catalytic domain of tPA in 2 patients|
|Autori interni:||MANNUCCI, PIER MANNUCCIO|
|Parole Chiave:||SYSTEMIC-LUPUS-ERYTHEMATOSUS; MONOCLONAL ANTICARDIOLIPIN ANTIBODIES; MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION; CONFIRMATORY TEST; ANTICOAGULANTS; CARDIOLIPIN; THROMBOSIS; PROTEIN; AUTOANTIBODIES; PHOSPHOLIPIDS|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1182/blood-2003-07-2422|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|