We have studied the possible purinoceptor-mediated modulation of astroglial cell proliferation in neuron-glia primary cultures obtained from rat corpus striatum. Cultures were grown for three days in the presence of either 2-chloro-adenosine or αβ-methylene-ATP (which behave as agonists of adenosine/ P1 and ATP/P2 purinoceptors, respectively), and then immunostained with an antibody to glial fibrillary acidic protein. 2-Chloro-adenosine decreased and αβ-methylene-ATP increased the number of astroglial cells in culture. For both derivatives, the effect was dose-dependent. The effect of αβ-methylene-ATP was antagonized by the trypanoside suramin, suggesting the involvement of a suramin-sensitive P2 purinoceptor, whereas the effect of 2-chloro-adenosine was not reversed by the P1 purinoceptor antagonist p-sulphonyl-phenyl-theophylline, implying the activation of a xanthine-insensitive adenosine purinoceptor subtype. In order to evaluate the extent of astrocyte proliferation in the presence of these two analogues, some cultures were incubated with bromodeoxyuridine for 24 h before fixing, and then double-immunostained for glial fibrillary acidic protein and bromodeoxyuridine. The percentage of bromodeoxyuridine positive astrocytes was significantly increased after exposure to both agents. It is therefore concluded that purines can modulate astroglial cells in opposite ways, inducing decreases or increases of cell number by activation of P1 and P2 purinoceptors, respectively. For the P2 purinoceptor-mediated effect, there was a quantitative correlation between the percentage of bromodeoxyuridine positive astrocytes and the cell number. For the P1 purinoceptor-mediated effect, no apparent correlation between these two parameters was found. This suggests the activation of independent effects, which involve other mechanisms besides the stimulation of DNA synthesis, and which eventually result in a reduction of cell number. The possible relevance of these findings to in vivo regulation of astrocyte cell function as well as in trauma- and ischaemia-associated hypergliosis is discussed.
|Titolo:||MODULATION OF ASTROGLIAL CELL-PROLIFERATION BY ANALOGS OF ADENOSINE AND ATP IN PRIMARY CULTURES OF RAT STRIATUM|
ABBRACCHIO, MARIA PIA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0306-4522(94)90099-X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|