We have used primary cultures of rat striatum to study the effects of ATP analogues on the elongation of astrocytic processes, a parameter of astroglial cell differentiation. Parallel studies were performed with basic fibroblast growth factor, a known regulator of astroglial cell function. After three days in culture, both the growth factor and αβ-methylene-ATP induced dramatic increases in the mean length of astrocytic processes/cell. For both agents, effects were dose-dependent. The effect of αβ-methylene-ATP was antagonized by the trypanoside suramin and mimicked by 2-methyl-thio-ATP, suggesting the involvement of a suramin-sensitive P2-purinoceptor. Neither an additive nor a synergistic effect between αβ-methylene-ATP and basic fibroblast growth factor on the elongation of processes was detected in cultures exposed to both agents. Indeed, an inhibition with respect to the effects induced by either agent alone was recorded, suggesting that the growth factor and the purine analogue can modulate astrocytic differentiation by activation of common intracellular pathways. It is concluded that, like basic fibroblast growth factor, ATP can promote the maturation of astrocytes towards a more differentiated phenotype characterized by the presence of longer astrocytic processes. These findings might have interesting implications for astroglial cell differentiation during brain development and for ischemia- and trauma-associated hypergliosis.
Effects of atp analogues and basic fibroblast growth factor on astroglial cell differentiation in primary cultures of rat striatum / M. Abbracchio, S. Ceruti, R. Langfelder, F. Cattabeni, M. Saffrey, G. Burnstock. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL NEUROSCIENCE. - ISSN 0736-5748. - 13:7(1995), pp. 685-693.
|Titolo:||Effects of atp analogues and basic fibroblast growth factor on astroglial cell differentiation in primary cultures of rat striatum|
ABBRACCHIO, MARIA PIA (Primo)
CERUTI, STEFANIA MARIA (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||astroglial cells; ATP; reactive astrogliosis|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0736-5748(95)00064-X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|