Sixteen critically ill injured patients received parenteral nutrition providing nitrogen (0.34 g kg(-1) day(-1)) and glucose (32 kcal kg(-1) day(-1)) for 5 days. They were randomly divided into two groups with respect to aminoacid supply: an essential aminoacid solution vs the same solution enriched in branched chain amino acid (BCAA) content and decreased in phenylalanine and methionine content (mean BCAA intake, 0.55 vs 0.69 g kg(-1) day(-1)). Basal values of nitrogen metabolism without treatment showed no difference between the two groups. Nitrogen losses and 3 methylhistidine (3-MEH) excretion were elevated; the plasma aminoacid pattern was altered by the trauma and except for phenylalanine, aspartate and glutamate, plasma aminoacid concentrations were decreased below normal values. Net muscular aminoacid output was demonstrated by femoral arterio-venous (av) differences that were all negative except for glutamate and citrulline TPN with both solutions improved the nitrogen balance and reduced the negative aminoacid balance across the leg. Adjusting a TPN regimen to increase the BCAA content without altering the total nitrogen infused, had no effect on overall nitrogen balance, but exerted a beneficial effect on body protein catabolism, as assessed by the urinary 3-MEH excretion rate, and a transient improvement in the aminoacid balance across the leg at the peak of the infusion. The short-lived effect of BCAA suggest a metabolic effect of these aminoacids which deserves further study.
|Titolo:||Parenteral nutrition of injured patients: Effect of manipulation of aminoacid infusion (increasing branched chain while decreasing aromatic and sulphurated aminoacids).|
IAPICHINO, GAETANO (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||ago-1985|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0261-5614(85)90016-0|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|