The present study shows that sciatic nerve crush in 2-day-old rats causes extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscle atrophy and motor neuron loss and that treatment with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) promotes muscle reinnervation, motor neuron survival, and markedly increases insulinlike growth factor-I (IGF-I) content in the denervated muscles, EDL muscle denervation-induced atrophy in saline-treated rats is progressive and reaches the greatest extent at 42 days after birth, which correlates with reduced EDL weight growth. There is also a partial reinnervation as shown by the number of reinnervated EDL muscle fibers (65.4% of control) and by the poor restoration of the indirect isometric twitch tension (62% of control) that is further reduced under tetanic stimulation (34% of control). The number of surviving motor neurons that innervate EDL muscle drops from 55 +/- 3 to 29 +/-. 8, In GAGs-treated 42-day-old rats, the effects of neonatal nerve lesioning on EDL muscle atrophy and denervation are successfully reversed, and the isometric twitch tension and the capacity to hold tetanic stimulation are restored to almost control levels, The number of surviving EDL motor neurons is also increased to 43 +/- 4. Treatment with GAGs selectively affects IGF-I content in denervated hindlimb muscles, which is augmented from 7.02 +/- 0.71 ng/mg tissue to 25.72 +/- 0.7 in the EDL and from 3.2 +/- 0.18 to a robust 211 +/- 9.6 in the soleus, J, Neurosci, Res. 55:496-503, 1999. (C) 1999 WiIey-Liss, Inc.
Glycosaminoglycans treatment increases IGF-I muscle levels and counteracts motor neuron death : a novel nonanticoagulant action / M. Losa, L. Vergani, E. Lesma, G. Rossoni, A. Di Giulio, A. Vercelli, A. Torsello, E. Muller, A. Gorio. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH. - ISSN 0360-4012. - 55:4(1999 Feb 15), pp. 496-503.
|Titolo:||Glycosaminoglycans treatment increases IGF-I muscle levels and counteracts motor neuron death : a novel nonanticoagulant action|
MULLER, EUGENIO (Penultimo)
GORIO, ALFREDO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Heparin; IGF-I; Motor neuron survival; Muscle atrophy; Muscle reinnervation|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||15-feb-1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4547(19990215)55:4<496::AID-JNR9>3.0.CO;2-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|