An in vitro assay based on the oxidation of phosphatidylcholine liposomes (PCL) with which we can distinguish the anti-HO zero activity from the antilipoperoxidant (R zero, ROO zero, RO zero) has been developed for testing the free-radical-scavenging ability of antiinflammatory drugs. PCL were exposed to a flux of hydroxyl radicals generated by water sonolysis for different periods, and the spontaneous lipid peroxidative phenomenon (propagation and breakdown phases) was followed for the subsequent 24 hours. Lipid peroxidation was assayed by simultaneous measurements of a) conjugated dienes, by UV spectroscopy (absorbance and second derivative at 233 nm), b) loss of lipid substrate (PC), by HPLC, and c) breakdown products (total carbonyl functions as 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazones). Diclofenac, nimesulide and indomethacin, added to PCL at the starting of the different stages of lipid peroxidation, were tested for their overall and specific anti-radical properties. All the drugs exhibited a remarkable scavenging activity against oxy and lipid radicals, determined as percent inhibition of the formation of conjugated dienes, at concentrations easily attainable in vivo (IC50:diclofenac 2.5 microM, nimesulide 4.92 microM, indomethacin 6.85 microM), diclofenac being the most effective in quenching the R zero and ROO degree species responsible for the propagation phase. By contrast, the antioxidant activity of nimesulide and indomethacin, less potent as alkyl and peroxyl radical scavengers, is due to their ability to restrain the induction phase of the radical chain reaction mediated by hydroxyl radicals (IC50:nimesulide 1.85 microM, indomethacin 3.57 microM).
|Titolo:||Antioxidant profile of nimesulide, indomethacin and diclofenac in phosphatidylcholine liposomes (PCL) as membrane model|
MAFFEI FACINO, ROBERTO (Primo)
CARINI, MARINA (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1993|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|