The present study is designed to investigate the role of sex and gonadal status in the growth hormone (GH) and corticosterone response to hexarelin (HEXA), a GH-releasing peptide, which also causes a stimulatory action on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. HEXA (80 microg/Kg) was administered intracarotid to anesthetized intact or gonadectomized male (ORC) and female (OVX) middle-aged rats. The GH stimulatory response to HEXA was gender-related since the GH increase was significantly (p < 0.001) higher in intact males (area under the curve, AUC= 12560 +/- 1784 ng/ml.45 min) than in females (AUC= 4628 +/- 257 ng/ml.45 min). This sex difference does not depend on circulating gonadal steroids since it persists in ORC (AUC = 11980 +/- 1136 ng/ml.45 min) and OVX (AUC = 5539 +/- 614 ng/ml.45 min) rats. The different effects of HEXA on corticosterone secretion detected in male and female rats are probably dependent on the prevailing activity of the HPA axis. In fact, in male rats that have low basal corticosterone levels, HEXA caused an increase in corticosterone secretion, which was significantly (p< 0.05) higher in ORC than in intact rats. The increase in corticosterone secretion by HEXA both in intact and OVX females was delayed, probably due to the elevated initial corticosterone levels, which could have activated the glucocorticoid negative feedback. We suggest that gender-specific patterns in the regulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary function could be responsible for the GH and corticosterone sexually differentiated responses to HEXA.
|Titolo:||The influence of sex and gonadectomy on the growth hormone and corticosterone response to hexarelin in the rat|
SIBILIA, VALERIA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||Corticosterone; Growth hormone; Hexarelin|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||8-dic-2000|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0024-3205(00)00940-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|