A study was undertaken for the characterization and quantitative determination of the main urinary metabolites of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) nimesulide (4-nitro-2-phenoxy-methanesulfonanilide) in man following single oral administration (200 mg). Urines were collected from six healthy volunteers at 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h post-administration and submitted to liquid-liquid extraction before (free metabolites) and after enzymatic hydrolysis (conjugated metabolites). The structure of the metabolites, isolated by TLG separation, was elucidated by mass spectrometry (electron impact ionization) and confirmed by synthesis. Five metabolites were identified: they arise from hydroxylation to the phenoxy nucleus (M1 = hydroxynimesulide); reduction of the nitro group to an amino derivative (M2); concomitant hydroxylation and reduction (M3); N-acetylation of the M2 (M4) and of the M3 (M5) metabolites. Quantitation was by reverse phase high performance liquid chromatography (Supelcosil LC-18 DB column; mobile phase: sodium phosphate buffer (pH 3.0, 50 mM)-acetonitrile (gradient elution); flow rate: 1 mi min(-1); UV detection, 230 nm), procedure which allows in a single chromatographic run the simultaneous determination of the unchanged drug and of its metabolites. The urinary excretion of the drug and metabolites (free + conjugated) in the overall 96 h-interval accounts for approximately 40% of the administered dose: 17.55 +/- 3.6% M1; 0.72 +/- 0.43% M2; 2.45 +/- 1.22% M3; 19.07 +/- 4.3% M5. The bulk of the metabolites was in conjugated form. Percentages excretion of the unchanged drug and of M4 metabolite were below 0.5%. The described method is suited to specifically and quantitatively measure nimesulide and metabolites in human urine with acceptable precision and accuracy.
Mass spectrometric characterization and HPLC determination of the main urinary metabolites of nimesulide in man / M. Carini, G. Aldini, R. Stefani, C. Marinello, R. Maffei Facino. - In: JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ANALYSIS. - ISSN 0731-7085. - 18:1-2(1998), pp. 201-211.
|Titolo:||Mass spectrometric characterization and HPLC determination of the main urinary metabolites of nimesulide in man|
CARINI, MARINA (Primo)
ALDINI, GIANCARLO (Secondo)
MARINELLO, CRISTINA (Penultimo)
MAFFEI FACINO, ROBERTO (Ultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Human urines; Metabolites characterization (EI-MS); Nimesulide; NSAID; Reverse-phase liquid chromatography; Urinary levels of metabolites|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/08 - Chimica Farmaceutica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0731-7085(98)00172-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|