Sixteen piglets were used to determine the effect of vitamin E supplementation on several functional properties of macrophages and neutrophils obtained from weaned piglets. Piglets, immediately following weaning, were assigned to one of three experimental groups: control (no vitamin E supplementation), low level of vitamin E supplementation (100 mg DL-α-tocopheryl acetate/kg diet) and high level of vitamin E supplementation (300 mg DL-α-tocopheryl acetate/kg diet). Supplementation of vitamin E lasted for a period of 36 days, following a 3-day adaptation period after weaning. Blood samples were collected on days 0, 12, 24 and 36 of the experimental period, monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils were isolated and the following parameters were determined in macrophages and neutrophils activated by phorbol myristate acetate: total cell-associated and membrane-bound urokinase plasminogen activator (u-PA) activity and Superoxide anion production. Results showed that macrophages and neutrophils isolated from piglets that received supplemental vitamin E had higher (P < 0.05) total and membrane-bound u-PA activities as well as higher (P < 0.05) Superoxide anion production compared with the values of the corresponding cells obtained from control piglets on day 12 of the experimental period. Both levels of vitamin E supplementation (low and high) were equally effective. In contrast, vitamin E supplementation had no effect (P > 0.05) on total and membrane-bound u-PA activities and superoxide anion production by porcine macrophages and neutrophils on days 24 and 36 of the experimental period. In conclusion, the low level of vitamin E supplementation is recommended for piglets for the first 2 weeks after weaning.

Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation on Various Functional Properties of Macrophages and Neutrophils Obtained from Weaned Piglets / S. Fragou, K. Fegeros,E. Xylouri, A. Baldi, I. Politis. - In: JOURNAL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE SERIES A. - ISSN 0931-184X. - 51:4(2004 May), pp. 178-183.

Effect of Vitamin E Supplementation on Various Functional Properties of Macrophages and Neutrophils Obtained from Weaned Piglets

A. Baldi
Penultimo
;
2004

Abstract

Sixteen piglets were used to determine the effect of vitamin E supplementation on several functional properties of macrophages and neutrophils obtained from weaned piglets. Piglets, immediately following weaning, were assigned to one of three experimental groups: control (no vitamin E supplementation), low level of vitamin E supplementation (100 mg DL-α-tocopheryl acetate/kg diet) and high level of vitamin E supplementation (300 mg DL-α-tocopheryl acetate/kg diet). Supplementation of vitamin E lasted for a period of 36 days, following a 3-day adaptation period after weaning. Blood samples were collected on days 0, 12, 24 and 36 of the experimental period, monocytes/macrophages and neutrophils were isolated and the following parameters were determined in macrophages and neutrophils activated by phorbol myristate acetate: total cell-associated and membrane-bound urokinase plasminogen activator (u-PA) activity and Superoxide anion production. Results showed that macrophages and neutrophils isolated from piglets that received supplemental vitamin E had higher (P < 0.05) total and membrane-bound u-PA activities as well as higher (P < 0.05) Superoxide anion production compared with the values of the corresponding cells obtained from control piglets on day 12 of the experimental period. Both levels of vitamin E supplementation (low and high) were equally effective. In contrast, vitamin E supplementation had no effect (P > 0.05) on total and membrane-bound u-PA activities and superoxide anion production by porcine macrophages and neutrophils on days 24 and 36 of the experimental period. In conclusion, the low level of vitamin E supplementation is recommended for piglets for the first 2 weeks after weaning.
Settore AGR/18 - Nutrizione e Alimentazione Animale
mag-2004
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/183960
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