BACKGROUND/AIMS: Surgical treatment of primary liver tumors has undergone significant changes in recent years because of improved surgical and anesthesiological techniques and better pre- and postoperative care. We review our personal series from 1987-1995. METHODOLOGY: Of 31 cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) observed in the years 1987-1995, 23 underwent curative resective surgery for a total of 24 liver resections: 6 hepatectomies; 10 segmentectomies; 4 atypical subsegmentectomies; 2 extended resections, with excision of neoplastic thrombi within the portal vein; 1 orthotopic liver transplantation in another institution; and 1 limited segmental reresection for tumor recurrence. In 7 recent cases, pre-operative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TAE) was used. RESULTS: The mean survival of the 13 patients that are known to be deceased is 27 months (range: 7-114 months). Perioperative mortality was nil. Actuarial 5-year survival rate is 27%. Pre-operative TAE was used in 7 patients: 4 out of 7 lesions were significantly reduced at computed tomography (CT) scan control 21 days following TAE, while in 3 the tumor size was unchanged. CONCLUSIONS: Liver surgery, even major resections, has become safe with no perioperative mortality in our series. In our experience, pre-operative TAE has often produced significant reduction of the mass, but its real efficacy is still the subject of debate. TAE and percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) should be evaluated as part of combined multimodality treatment in the therapy of large lesions previously considered inoperable.
|Titolo:||Hepatocarcinoma: considerations on surgical treatment in a personal series of 23 patients|
TASCHIERI, ANGELO MARIA (Primo)
ELLI, MARCO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Hepatocellular carcinoma; Percutaneous ethanol injection; Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|