We studied the effects of common antihypertensive regimens on autonomic cardiovascular control. We considered calcium channel antagonists (nicardipine twice a day and isradipine once a day, respectively) and also examined, as reference treatments, once-a-day atenolol and cilazapril. A noninvasive evaluation of autonomic cardiovascular profile was obtained with spectral analysis of RR interval and systolic arterial pressure variability. We studied moderate essential hypertensives before and after 2 weeks of treatment, both at rest and during active standing and mental arithmetic. All treatments reduced arterial pressure equally well; however, marked differences in spectral profiles were observed. The low-frequency spectral component of RR interval variability tin normalized units, marker of sympathetic modulation of the sinoatrial (SA) node] tended to be greater at rest and during stimuli (p < 0.001) in subjects treated with dihydropyridines. No differences at rest, but striking increases of the low- frequency component of systolic arterial pressure variability were observed in nicardipine-treated patients during both standardized excitatory stimuli, suggesting a marked increase in sympathetic vasomotor drive. As to reference treatments, patients treated with atenolol displayed the lowest values, and patients treated with cilazapril (for 4 weeks) provided intermediate values. In conclusion, shorter acting dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists may induce an exaggerated in crease in sympathetic vasomotor drive during standardized laboratory stressors.

Evidence of increased sympathetic vasomotor drive with shorter acting dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists in human hypertension: a study using spectral analysis of RR interval and systolic arterial pressure variability / D. Lucini, G.S. Mela, A. Malliani, M. Pagani. - In: JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR PHARMACOLOGY. - ISSN 0160-2446. - 29:5(1997), pp. 676-683. [10.1097/00005344-199705000-00017]

Evidence of increased sympathetic vasomotor drive with shorter acting dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists in human hypertension: a study using spectral analysis of RR interval and systolic arterial pressure variability

D. Lucini
Primo
;
A. Malliani
Penultimo
;
M. Pagani
Ultimo
1997

Abstract

We studied the effects of common antihypertensive regimens on autonomic cardiovascular control. We considered calcium channel antagonists (nicardipine twice a day and isradipine once a day, respectively) and also examined, as reference treatments, once-a-day atenolol and cilazapril. A noninvasive evaluation of autonomic cardiovascular profile was obtained with spectral analysis of RR interval and systolic arterial pressure variability. We studied moderate essential hypertensives before and after 2 weeks of treatment, both at rest and during active standing and mental arithmetic. All treatments reduced arterial pressure equally well; however, marked differences in spectral profiles were observed. The low-frequency spectral component of RR interval variability tin normalized units, marker of sympathetic modulation of the sinoatrial (SA) node] tended to be greater at rest and during stimuli (p < 0.001) in subjects treated with dihydropyridines. No differences at rest, but striking increases of the low- frequency component of systolic arterial pressure variability were observed in nicardipine-treated patients during both standardized excitatory stimuli, suggesting a marked increase in sympathetic vasomotor drive. As to reference treatments, patients treated with atenolol displayed the lowest values, and patients treated with cilazapril (for 4 weeks) provided intermediate values. In conclusion, shorter acting dihydropyridine calcium channel antagonists may induce an exaggerated in crease in sympathetic vasomotor drive during standardized laboratory stressors.
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/182704
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