Previous studies have shown that neurotensin (NT) administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) to rats provokes an inhibition of intestinal propulsion linearly related to the log of administered doses. In the present study it is demonstrated that, in contrast to morphine, repeated i.c.v. administrations of NT (2.5 nmol/rat/day) did not result in tolerance to the intestinal effect. Naloxone (Nx) administered i.c.v. fully antagonized the intestinal inhibition of i.c.v. morphine, but did not significantly alter the NT effect. However, centrally administered thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) inhibited NT-induced (but not morphine-induced) intestinal inhibition. Direct microinjections of NT into the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) produced complete inhibition of intestinal propulsion when the microinjections were localized in the dorsal portion. Finally, subdiaphragmatic vagotomy totally abolished the inhibition induced by NT into the PAG, while morphine was not affected. Some considerations are put forward concerning the existence in the central nervous system of a peptidergic pathway modulating intestinal function.

Further investigations on neurotensin as central modulator of intestinal motility in rats. REGULATORY PEPTIDES. 17(2):111-7, 1987 / D. PAROLARO, M. SALA, G. PATRINI, E. BIFFI, N. PECORA, E. GORI. - In: REGULATORY PEPTIDES. - ISSN 0167-0115. - 17:2(1987), pp. 111-117.

Further investigations on neurotensin as central modulator of intestinal motility in rats. REGULATORY PEPTIDES. 17(2):111-7, 1987

M. SALA;
1987

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that neurotensin (NT) administered intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) to rats provokes an inhibition of intestinal propulsion linearly related to the log of administered doses. In the present study it is demonstrated that, in contrast to morphine, repeated i.c.v. administrations of NT (2.5 nmol/rat/day) did not result in tolerance to the intestinal effect. Naloxone (Nx) administered i.c.v. fully antagonized the intestinal inhibition of i.c.v. morphine, but did not significantly alter the NT effect. However, centrally administered thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) inhibited NT-induced (but not morphine-induced) intestinal inhibition. Direct microinjections of NT into the periaqueductal gray matter (PAG) produced complete inhibition of intestinal propulsion when the microinjections were localized in the dorsal portion. Finally, subdiaphragmatic vagotomy totally abolished the inhibition induced by NT into the PAG, while morphine was not affected. Some considerations are put forward concerning the existence in the central nervous system of a peptidergic pathway modulating intestinal function.
Intestinal inhibition; Morphine; Neurotensin; Periaqueductal gray matter; Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH); Tolerance
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
REGULATORY PEPTIDES
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/181749
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