Objective: To determine whether signs of cardiac sympathetic activation (together with vagal withdrawal) can be observed in the autonomic balance modulating the sino-atrial node as early as the initial levels of a graded light dynamic exercise. Patients and methods: We studied 15 healthy ambulant subjects (mean±SD age 32±9 years; systolic/diastolic blood pressure 120± 19/77±7mmHg; heart rate 65±9 beats/min), who underwent a control recording of 10 min, followed by a three-step progressive (10, 20 and 30% of nominal maximum for age and sex) supine bicycle exercise. Spectral and cross-spectral analysis of RR and systolic arterial pressure variabilities were used to obtain non-invasive markers of the autonomic adjustments to exercise. Results: The low-frequency component of RR interval variability (which, in normalized units, is a marker of sympathetic modulation of the sino-atrial (SA) node) was progressively increased during all three stages of bicycle exercise. No significant changes were observed in the low-frequency component of systolic arterial pressure variability (i.e. a marker of sympathetic drive to the vasculature) in the early stages of exercise, while a significant increase was observed at 30% of maximum. The index a (which provides a measure of the gain of the arterial pressure-heart period baroreflex) was progressively reduced during all three stages of exercise. Conclusions: While the sympathovagal balance modulating the SA node is immediately shifted towards sympathetic predominance (and vagal withdrawal), markers of peripheral vascular sympathetic activation appear increased only when 30% of maximum exercise is attained.
Analysis of the initial autonomic adjustments to moderate exercise in man / D. Lucini, V. Trabucchi, A. Malliani, M. Pagani. - In: JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION. - ISSN 0263-6352. - 13:12(1995), pp. 1660-1663.
|Titolo:||Analysis of the initial autonomic adjustments to moderate exercise in man|
LUCINI, DANIELA (Primo)
MALLIANI, ALBERTO (Penultimo)
PAGANI, MASSIMO (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|