Detergents are well known irritating agents in human as well as in animal models. Using a murine keratinocyte cell line (HEL30) changes in the interleukin-1α profile were characterized in response to three non-ionic detergents, all widely used in the cosmetics industry. The compounds used in this study were the most active (dodoxynol-9, Δ-9), moderate (polyglyceryl- 4-lauryl ether, PEL) and mild (PEG-20-glyceryl ricinoleate + ricinoleamide DEA, PEG) in inducing cytotoxicity, measured as lactate dehydrogenase leakage and de novo protein synthesis, on the same cell line after 2 hr of treatment. All of the surfactants tested were able to induce IL-1α production both at a secretory and cell-associated level. However, in order to achieve a similar IL-1 production different concentrations of surfactants were necessary. It was possible to calculate an EC50 for IL-1α release of 52.9 μg/ml for Δ- 9, of 293.7 μg/ml for PEL and of greater than 9000 μg/ml for PEG. At the concentration of 30 μg/ml no release could be detected even after 24 hr of treatment with PEL or PEG. A time-course experiment also showed significant amounts of IL-1α 20 min after treatment with Δ-9. These data confirmed Δ- 9 as the most potent of the three non-ionic detergents tested in inducing IL- 1α release. The surfactants were also tested in vivo using the modified Draize test. Once again Δ-9 was the most active, followed by PEL and PEG. Considering the key role of IL-1 in the inflammatory response, the release of this cytokine by keratinocytes in vitro could be used as a more specific (in comparison with classical cytotoxic markers) and early marker to determine the irritant potential of water-soluble chemicals.

Interleukin-1 production after treatment with non-ionic surfactants in a murine keratinocytes cell line / E. Corsini, M. Marinovich, L. Marabini, E. Chiesara, C.L. Galli. - In: TOXICOLOGY IN VITRO. - ISSN 0887-2333. - 8:3(1994), pp. 361-369.

Interleukin-1 production after treatment with non-ionic surfactants in a murine keratinocytes cell line

E. Corsini
Primo
;
M. Marinovich
Secondo
;
L. Marabini;E. Chiesara
Penultimo
;
C.L. Galli
Ultimo
1994

Abstract

Detergents are well known irritating agents in human as well as in animal models. Using a murine keratinocyte cell line (HEL30) changes in the interleukin-1α profile were characterized in response to three non-ionic detergents, all widely used in the cosmetics industry. The compounds used in this study were the most active (dodoxynol-9, Δ-9), moderate (polyglyceryl- 4-lauryl ether, PEL) and mild (PEG-20-glyceryl ricinoleate + ricinoleamide DEA, PEG) in inducing cytotoxicity, measured as lactate dehydrogenase leakage and de novo protein synthesis, on the same cell line after 2 hr of treatment. All of the surfactants tested were able to induce IL-1α production both at a secretory and cell-associated level. However, in order to achieve a similar IL-1 production different concentrations of surfactants were necessary. It was possible to calculate an EC50 for IL-1α release of 52.9 μg/ml for Δ- 9, of 293.7 μg/ml for PEL and of greater than 9000 μg/ml for PEG. At the concentration of 30 μg/ml no release could be detected even after 24 hr of treatment with PEL or PEG. A time-course experiment also showed significant amounts of IL-1α 20 min after treatment with Δ-9. These data confirmed Δ- 9 as the most potent of the three non-ionic detergents tested in inducing IL- 1α release. The surfactants were also tested in vivo using the modified Draize test. Once again Δ-9 was the most active, followed by PEL and PEG. Considering the key role of IL-1 in the inflammatory response, the release of this cytokine by keratinocytes in vitro could be used as a more specific (in comparison with classical cytotoxic markers) and early marker to determine the irritant potential of water-soluble chemicals.
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/181038
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact