This work analyzed the thermal denaturation process of defatted bovine serum albumin (BSA). DSC measurements were performed on changing the pH, the ionic strength and the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) concentration. These data have been compared with those previously obtained by us and other authors. The purpose of these measurements was to study the correlation between the three-dimensional organization of BSA native protein structure and its thermodynamic stability and to clarify the non-covalent interactions between the globular proteins and amphipathic molecules. These measurements have shown that the thermal denaturation is always irreversible regardless of pH, ionic strength and SDS concentration. The nature of the irreversible process superimposed on the protein unfolding is discussed. The strong stabilizing effect of NaCl on the BSA native structure has been found for the range 0-1.0 M. It is worth noting that the calorimetric curves, confined to the pH region studied, could not be represented by a two-state transition model; they were deconvoluted as the sum of two independent two-state transitions. These transitions were correlated to the domain structure of BSA. Sodium dodecyl sulfate has a net stabilizing effect up to a molar ratio of 10:1 (ligand to protein). In this range of concentrations the presence of SDS causes a biphasic profile of excess heat capacity, A simple thermodynamic model was developed in attempt to reproduce the experimental DSC profiles and collect information regarding the binding equilibrium of SDS. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.

DSC studes on bovine serum albumin denaturation. Effects of ionic strength and SDS concentration / C. Ciancola, C. De Sena, D. Fessas, G. Graziano, G. Barone. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL MACROMOLECULES. - ISSN 0141-8130. - 20:3(1997), pp. 193-204.

DSC studes on bovine serum albumin denaturation. Effects of ionic strength and SDS concentration

D. Fessas;
1997

Abstract

This work analyzed the thermal denaturation process of defatted bovine serum albumin (BSA). DSC measurements were performed on changing the pH, the ionic strength and the sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) concentration. These data have been compared with those previously obtained by us and other authors. The purpose of these measurements was to study the correlation between the three-dimensional organization of BSA native protein structure and its thermodynamic stability and to clarify the non-covalent interactions between the globular proteins and amphipathic molecules. These measurements have shown that the thermal denaturation is always irreversible regardless of pH, ionic strength and SDS concentration. The nature of the irreversible process superimposed on the protein unfolding is discussed. The strong stabilizing effect of NaCl on the BSA native structure has been found for the range 0-1.0 M. It is worth noting that the calorimetric curves, confined to the pH region studied, could not be represented by a two-state transition model; they were deconvoluted as the sum of two independent two-state transitions. These transitions were correlated to the domain structure of BSA. Sodium dodecyl sulfate has a net stabilizing effect up to a molar ratio of 10:1 (ligand to protein). In this range of concentrations the presence of SDS causes a biphasic profile of excess heat capacity, A simple thermodynamic model was developed in attempt to reproduce the experimental DSC profiles and collect information regarding the binding equilibrium of SDS. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science B.V.
Bovine serum albumin ; Protein denaturation ; Sodium dodecyl sulfate binding
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/178423
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