The aim of this study was to determine the oxigen affinity actually present in vivo in blood from patients with acute myocardial infarction. Patients with uncomplicated acute myocardial infarction had normal value of P50 in vivo (partial pressure of oxygen at which 50 percent of the hemoglobin is saturated with oxygen at fixed levels of pHand PC02 present in vivo). Also the values of P50 in vivo of blood from patients with low cardiac output with mild or severe heart failured did not differ from the normal mean. This was the consequence of an increase of 2, 3-diphosphoglycerate levels (which reduces the oxygen affinity of hemoglobin) and of the immediate effect of alkalosis (Bohr effect). By contrast, the values of P50 in vivo were significantly increased in patients with cardiogenic shock. This could be ascribed to the state of acute acidiosis present in these patients. In these conditions the changes in the values of P50 in vivo play an important role in the oxygen delivery to the tissues. However, high values of P50 do not enhance oxygen delivery when a severe arterial hypoxemia (P02 smaller than 40-45 mm Hg) is also present.
|Titolo:||Hemoglobin oxygen affinty in patients with low-output heart failure and cardiogenic shock after acute myocardial infarction|
IAPICHINO, GAETANO (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Oxygen; acid-base equilibrium ; heart failure ; cardiac output ; shock cardiogenic ; oxyhemoglobins ; hemoglobins ; humans ; myocardial infarction ; partial pressure ; carbon dioxide|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/41 - Anestesiologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-1975|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|