A very simple, new, and straightforward approach to the Paclitaxel (Taxol) and Docetaxel (Taxotere) side chains has been developed using the imine addition reaction of thioester-derived boron enolates bearing chiral ligands. The addition reaction was studied extensively, using a combination of different thioesters (ROCH2COSPh, ROCH(2)60St-Bu), oxygen protecting groups (R = Bn, TBDMS, COPh, EE, TMS), chiral boron ligands [derived from both (-) and (+)-menthone], imines (PhCH=NSiMe3, PhCH=NCOPh), and in the presence or in the absence of additional Lewis acids (BF3-OEt2, Et2AlCl, TiCl4). The side chain was assembled in a few steps with the correct relative (syn) and absolute stereochemistry (2R,3S). The stereochemical outcome of the boron-mediated reaction was rationalized using chair vs boat transition state structures. A new direct route for attachment of the side chains to the baccatin nucleus using thioester chemistry has also been developed. By treatment of a mixture of a thioester (8, 12, or 17) and protected baccatin III (2b, 2c) with LHMDS, the 13-O acylated compounds were obtained in high yield (up to 90%). Hydrolysis of 18b gave Paclitaxel (1a) in 80% yield.

Taxol semisynthesis: A highly enantio- and diastereoselective synthesis of the side chain and a new method for ester formation at C-13 using thioesters / C.M.A. Gennari, M. Carcano, M. Donghi, N. Mongelli, E. Vanotti, A. Vulpetti. - In: JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0022-3263. - 62:14(1997), pp. 4746-4755.

Taxol semisynthesis: A highly enantio- and diastereoselective synthesis of the side chain and a new method for ester formation at C-13 using thioesters

C.M.A. Gennari
Primo
;
1997

Abstract

A very simple, new, and straightforward approach to the Paclitaxel (Taxol) and Docetaxel (Taxotere) side chains has been developed using the imine addition reaction of thioester-derived boron enolates bearing chiral ligands. The addition reaction was studied extensively, using a combination of different thioesters (ROCH2COSPh, ROCH(2)60St-Bu), oxygen protecting groups (R = Bn, TBDMS, COPh, EE, TMS), chiral boron ligands [derived from both (-) and (+)-menthone], imines (PhCH=NSiMe3, PhCH=NCOPh), and in the presence or in the absence of additional Lewis acids (BF3-OEt2, Et2AlCl, TiCl4). The side chain was assembled in a few steps with the correct relative (syn) and absolute stereochemistry (2R,3S). The stereochemical outcome of the boron-mediated reaction was rationalized using chair vs boat transition state structures. A new direct route for attachment of the side chains to the baccatin nucleus using thioester chemistry has also been developed. By treatment of a mixture of a thioester (8, 12, or 17) and protected baccatin III (2b, 2c) with LHMDS, the 13-O acylated compounds were obtained in high yield (up to 90%). Hydrolysis of 18b gave Paclitaxel (1a) in 80% yield.
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/175955
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