Cossaite, ideally (Mg0.5,)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6·36H2O, was found in the altered pyroclastic breccia of an active fumarole (T about 350ºC) located at the rim of the La Fossa crater, Vulcano Island, Aeolian archipelago, Sicily, Italy. Cossaite is trigonal, space group R3¯, with a = 22.010(2), c = 9.238(1) A˚ , V = 3875.6(6) A˚^3, Z = 3. It forms stout prismatic hexagonal crystals up to 100 mm in size, terminated by rhombohedral faces, and is associated with thermessaite, vlodavetsite, sassolite and salammoniac. Cossaite is colourless to white, the streak is white and the lustre vitreous. It is not fluorescent in either long-wave or short-wave ultraviolet radiation. The calculated density is 2.075 g cm-3. The mean refractive index nobs is 1.49(1) (589 nm). Chemical analysis gave MgO 1.4, Al2O3 19.5, SO3 34.7, F 5.7, (H2O 40.85, from structure refinement), O=F -2.4, total 99.75 wt.%, corresponding to the empirical formula Mg0.56Al6.19S7.01H73.37F4.85O65.15 calculated on the basis of 70 oxygen plus fluorine atoms. The strongest six lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern [dobs(A˚ ) (I) (hkl)] are: 4.15 (100) (140), 3.87 (70) (32¯ 2), 11.00 (50) (110), 4.58 (25) (131), 2.770 (20) (3¯33), 2.166 (20) (1¯8¯ 1). The crystal structure was refined to a final R index of 0.0349. It contains octahedral [Al(H2O)5F]2+ cations and sulphate anions interacting via hydrogen bonds to form channels running along [001], where disordered [Mg(H2O)6]2+ cations and hydrogensulphate anions are hosted.

Cossaite, (Mg0.5,□)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6•36H2O, a new mineral from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy / F. Demartin, C.M. Gramaccioli, I.A. Campostrini, C. Castellano. - In: MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE. - ISSN 0026-461X. - 75:6(2011 Dec), pp. 2847-2855.

Cossaite, (Mg0.5,□)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6•36H2O, a new mineral from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy

F. Demartin
Primo
;
C.M. Gramaccioli
Secondo
;
C. Castellano
Ultimo
2011-12

Abstract

Cossaite, ideally (Mg0.5,)Al6(SO4)6(HSO4)F6·36H2O, was found in the altered pyroclastic breccia of an active fumarole (T about 350ºC) located at the rim of the La Fossa crater, Vulcano Island, Aeolian archipelago, Sicily, Italy. Cossaite is trigonal, space group R3¯, with a = 22.010(2), c = 9.238(1) A˚ , V = 3875.6(6) A˚^3, Z = 3. It forms stout prismatic hexagonal crystals up to 100 mm in size, terminated by rhombohedral faces, and is associated with thermessaite, vlodavetsite, sassolite and salammoniac. Cossaite is colourless to white, the streak is white and the lustre vitreous. It is not fluorescent in either long-wave or short-wave ultraviolet radiation. The calculated density is 2.075 g cm-3. The mean refractive index nobs is 1.49(1) (589 nm). Chemical analysis gave MgO 1.4, Al2O3 19.5, SO3 34.7, F 5.7, (H2O 40.85, from structure refinement), O=F -2.4, total 99.75 wt.%, corresponding to the empirical formula Mg0.56Al6.19S7.01H73.37F4.85O65.15 calculated on the basis of 70 oxygen plus fluorine atoms. The strongest six lines in the X-ray powder diffraction pattern [dobs(A˚ ) (I) (hkl)] are: 4.15 (100) (140), 3.87 (70) (32¯ 2), 11.00 (50) (110), 4.58 (25) (131), 2.770 (20) (3¯33), 2.166 (20) (1¯8¯ 1). The crystal structure was refined to a final R index of 0.0349. It contains octahedral [Al(H2O)5F]2+ cations and sulphate anions interacting via hydrogen bonds to form channels running along [001], where disordered [Mg(H2O)6]2+ cations and hydrogensulphate anions are hosted.
cossaite; new mineral; crystal structure; Vulcano Island; Aeolian Islands; Italy
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/167489
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