While much research effort has been targeted at the verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) serotype O157:H7, it is becoming more evident that other VTEC serotypes can also be associated with human foodborne disease. An increasing number of these non-O157 serotypes have been isolated from food sources and from humans suffering from haemolytic-uriaemic syndrome and diarrhoea. The aim of our work was to investigate the prevalence of VTEC O1517 and non-O157 in foodstuffs of animal origin using, two rapid enzymatic procedures. Various types of food samples, 352 in total, were tested: 233 with the Premier EHEC, a screening test which directly detects the presence of verocytotoxin, regardless of serotype, while 119 of these with the Vidas ECO, which is a specific screening test for E. coli O157:H7, together with the Premier EHEC. Two samples were positive for VTEC, one of serogroup O126 and the other was non-serotypable. Another sample was positive in the test specific for E. coli O157:H7, but was not confirmed by culture. This study suggests that VTEC strains are not prevalent in Italy, and that the isolation of serogroup O157 is relatively infrequent. This leads us to conclude that there is little chance of exposure to pathogen for the average consumer in Italy.
|Titolo:||Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli in foodstuff of animal origin|
|Autori interni:||CANTONI, CARLO ALESSANDRO (Ultimo)|
BERSANI, CARLA (Secondo)
PONTELLO, MIRELLA MARIA (Primo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/04 - Ispezione degli Alimenti di Origine Animale|
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
|Data di pubblicazione:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1023/A:1023072014281|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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