Blood levels of extracellular nucleotides are greatly increased during heart ischemia, but, despite the presence of both P2X and P2Y receptors on cardiomyocytes, their effects on the subsequent myocardial damage are still unknown. In this study,we aimed at investigating the role of ATP and specific P2 receptors in the appearance of cell injury in a cardiac model of ischemic hypoxia (murine HL1 cardiomyocytes). Cells were maintained in a modular incubator chamber in a controlled humidified atmosphere of 95% N2 for 16 hr in a glucose-free medium. In this condition, we detected a significant increase (+52%±21) in the release of ATP in the culture medium, and, in cultured cells, a 300% increase of cytoplasmic histoneassociated- DNA-fragments, which represent an early marker of apoptosis. To dissect the role of specific P2 receptors we used a combined approach by both adding different P2 antagonists to cardiomyocytes before hypoxia and by silencing selected P2 receptors genes via specific small interfering RNAs. For the latter, gene silencing was checked by real-time quantitative PCR. Both selective pharmacological inhibition with ARC-118925 (10 μM) and KN-62 (1 μM) and gene silencing indicated that P2Y2 and P2X7 receptors are directly involved in the induction of cell death during ischemic hypoxia, whereas the P2Y4 receptor has a protective effect. These findings may have important therapeutic implications for the development of novel cardioprotective agents that specifically target P2 receptors.
Role of P2 receptors in a cardiomyocyte ischemic hypoxia model / S. Cosentino, S. Barcella, H. Luo, J.C. Burbiel, C. Müller, E. Tremoli, C. Banfi, M.P. Abbracchio. - In: PURINERGIC SIGNALLING. - ISSN 1573-9538. - 6:Suppl. 1(2010 Jun), pp. S116-S117. ((Intervento presentato al convegno Purines tenutosi a Tarragona nel 2010.
|Titolo:||Role of P2 receptors in a cardiomyocyte ischemic hypoxia model|
COSENTINO, SIMONA (Primo)
BANFI, CRISTINA (Penultimo)
ABBRACCHIO, MARIA PIA (Ultimo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||giu-2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11302-010-9187-6|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|