The in vitro effects of the ketone bodies β-OH-butyrate (2.4 or 4.8 mmol/1) and acetoacetate (2.4 or 4.8 mmol/1) on the uptake of latex particles (1.09 μm) and chemotaxis were investigated in ovine neutrophils. Because the acetoacetate used was a lithium salt, the effect of 2.4 or 4.8 mmol/1 lithium chloride was also tested. Neutrophils from eight non-lactating, non-pregnant ewes were studied. The uptake of latex particles, as measured by a spectrophotometric method, showed wide individual variation. The phagocytotic activity was unaffected by 2.4 mmol/1 ketone bodies and LiCl, but it was significantly inhibited by 4.8 mmol/1 β-OH-butyrate and activated by 4.8 mmol/1 LiCl. The latter result could be masking an inhibitory effect of acetoacetate. Chemotactic movements of neutrophils, as evaluated in a modified Boyden chamber using homologous zymosan-activated serum (ZAS) as a chemoattractant, were slightly but significantly reduced by a 2.4 mmolar concentration of the ketone bodies, administered singly or simultaneously, and by LiCl. We conclude therefore that the inhibitory effect of lithium-acetoacetate could be due to its lithium component. The 4.8 mmol/1 dose of acetoacetate and β-OH butyrate significantly decreased chemotaxis only when both compounds were added simultaneously. No effect of 4.8 mmol/1 LiCl was observed. These results suggest that ketone bodies, in particular β-OH butyrate, could directly influence particle uptake and chemotaxis in neutrophils. Although other factors could decrease the efficiency of the immune system in ketotic ruminants, the effects of the ketone bodies on neutrophils functions may explain the high frequency of infectious disease during 'ketotic syndrome'. The immunomodulatory effect of lithium needs to be evaluated further and it should be considered when testing lithium compounds.
|Titolo:||Non specific immunity and ketone bodies. 1: In Vitro studies on chemotaxis and phagocytosis in ovine neutrophils|
SARTORELLI, PAOLA (Primo)
PALTRINIERI, SAVERIO (Secondo)
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore VET/03 - Patologia Generale e Anatomia Patologica Veterinaria|
|Data di pubblicazione:||dic-1999|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1046/j.1439-0442.1999.00252.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|