Fungicide treatments remain essential to maintain healthy crops and reliable, high-quality yields. However, despite the availability of effective fungicides, new antifungal chemicals are still needed to improve yields and to combat pathogens showing resistance or reduced sensitivity to existing products. Therefore, to develop new generations of antifungal agents, it is crucial to find antifungal compounds with novel chemical scaffolds and new mode of action. For this purpose, Nature has been a very fruitful source of new substances and natural products still exert a strong influence on modern crop protection development, by serving as lead structures for the discovery of active substances, often featuring novel and unique modes of action. Zopfiellin is a secondary metabolite isolated in 1994 from the ascomycete Zopfiella curvata (Fuckel) Winter. This compound contains a disubstituted cyclooctadiene ring fused with two maleic anhydride moieties and it is endowed with interesting antifungal activity. The mode of action of zopfiellin is still unknown and currently the only method to obtain this compound is the isolation from a fermentation broth of a suitable fungal strain. In this poster we report the preparation of structurally and synthetically simplified zopfiellin analogues containing a cyclooctadiene anhydride nucleus (1), and the evaluation of their in vitro and in vivo antifungal activity. The growth inhibition data on a set of phytopathogen fungi showed that most of the synthesised compounds possessed a broad spectrum of activity. In particular they resulted very effective against the oomycetes Phytophthora infestans and Pythium ultimum, reaching a level of activity well comparable with that of commercial fungicides in use.

Cyclooctadiene anhydride analogues of the natural product zopfiellin as sources of new fungicides / L. Musso, S. Dallavalle, R. Nannei, R. Cincinelli, L. Merlini. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Symposium on Natural Products and their applications in health and agriculture tenutosi a Kandy (Sri Lanka) nel 2011.

Cyclooctadiene anhydride analogues of the natural product zopfiellin as sources of new fungicides

L. Musso
Primo
;
S. Dallavalle
Secondo
;
R. Nannei;R. Cincinelli
Penultimo
;
L. Merlini
Ultimo
2011-10-03

Abstract

Fungicide treatments remain essential to maintain healthy crops and reliable, high-quality yields. However, despite the availability of effective fungicides, new antifungal chemicals are still needed to improve yields and to combat pathogens showing resistance or reduced sensitivity to existing products. Therefore, to develop new generations of antifungal agents, it is crucial to find antifungal compounds with novel chemical scaffolds and new mode of action. For this purpose, Nature has been a very fruitful source of new substances and natural products still exert a strong influence on modern crop protection development, by serving as lead structures for the discovery of active substances, often featuring novel and unique modes of action. Zopfiellin is a secondary metabolite isolated in 1994 from the ascomycete Zopfiella curvata (Fuckel) Winter. This compound contains a disubstituted cyclooctadiene ring fused with two maleic anhydride moieties and it is endowed with interesting antifungal activity. The mode of action of zopfiellin is still unknown and currently the only method to obtain this compound is the isolation from a fermentation broth of a suitable fungal strain. In this poster we report the preparation of structurally and synthetically simplified zopfiellin analogues containing a cyclooctadiene anhydride nucleus (1), and the evaluation of their in vitro and in vivo antifungal activity. The growth inhibition data on a set of phytopathogen fungi showed that most of the synthesised compounds possessed a broad spectrum of activity. In particular they resulted very effective against the oomycetes Phytophthora infestans and Pythium ultimum, reaching a level of activity well comparable with that of commercial fungicides in use.
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
Cyclooctadiene anhydride analogues of the natural product zopfiellin as sources of new fungicides / L. Musso, S. Dallavalle, R. Nannei, R. Cincinelli, L. Merlini. ((Intervento presentato al convegno International Symposium on Natural Products and their applications in health and agriculture tenutosi a Kandy (Sri Lanka) nel 2011.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/162830
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