VAPB (vesicle-associated membrane protein-associated protein B) is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident tail-anchored adaptor protein involved in lipid transport. A dominantly inherited mutant, P56S-VAPB, causes a familial form of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and forms poorly characterized inclusion bodies in cultured cells. To provide a cell biological basis for the understanding of mutant VAPB pathogenicity, we investigated its biogenesis and the inclusions that it generates. Translocation assays in cell-free systems and in cultured mammalian cells were used to investigate P56S-VAPB membrane insertion, and the inclusions were characterized by confocal imaging and electron microscopy. We found that mutant VAPB inserts post-translationally into ER membranes in a manner indistinguishable from the wild-type protein but that it rapidly clusters to form inclusions that remain continuous with the rest of the ER. Inclusions were induced by the mutant also when it was expressed at levels comparable to the endogenous wild-type protein. Ultrastructural analysis revealed that the inclusions represent a novel form of organized smooth ER (OSER) consisting in a limited number of parallel cisternae (usually 2 or 3) interleaved by a approximately 30 nm-thick electron-dense cytosolic layer. Our results demonstrate that the ALS-linked VAPB mutant causes dramatic ER restructuring that may underlie its pathogenicity in motoneurons.
A VAPB mutant linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis generates a novel form of organized smooth endoplasmic reticulum / E. Fasana, M. Fossati, A. Ruggiano, S. Brambillasca, C. C. Hoogenraad, F. Navone, M. Francolini, N. Borgese. - In: THE FASEB JOURNAL. - ISSN 0892-6638. - 24:5(2010), pp. 1419-1430.
|Titolo:||A VAPB mutant linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis generates a novel form of organized smooth endoplasmic reticulum|
FASANA, ELISA (Primo)
FOSSATI, MATTEO (Secondo)
FRANCOLINI, MAURA (Penultimo)
|Parole Chiave:||Rats ; Animals ; Endoplasmic Reticulum ; Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis ; Humans ; Vesicular Transport Proteins ; Mutation ; Hela Cells ; Motor Neurons|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2010|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1096/fj.09-147850|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|