To quantify the effects of facial palsy reanimation, 14 patients aged 17e66 years were analysed. All patients had unilateral facial paralysis, and were candidates for surgical masseteric to facial nerve anastomosis. Two patient groups were measured: seven patients were waiting for surgery, the other seven patients had already been submitted to surgery, and had regained facial mimicry. Each patient performed three facial animations: brow raise; free smile; lip purse. These were recorded using an optoelectronic motion analyser. The three-dimensional coordinates of facial landmarks were obtained, their movements were computed, and asymmetry indices calculated (differential movements between the two hemi-faces: healthy and paretic/rehabilitated). Before surgery, mobility was larger in the healthy than in the paretic side; after surgery, the differences were reduced (brow raise and lip purse), or even reversed (smile). Before surgery, lip purse was performed with significant labial asymmetry (p ¼ 0.042; larger healthy side movement). After surgery, asymmetry indices reduced. Total labial asymmetry during smiling was significantly different from 0 before surgery (p ¼ 0.018, larger healthy side movement). After surgery, all asymmetry indices became non-significant. Before surgery the lateral displacements of all labial landmarks were towards the healthy side, while they normalized after surgery.
Facial movement before and after masseteric-facial nerves anastomosis : a three-dimensional optoelectronic pilot study / C. Sforza, A. Frigerio, A. Mapelli, F. Mandelli, F.V. Sidequersky, V. Colombo, V.F. Ferrario, F. Biglioli. - In: JOURNAL OF CRANIO-MAXILLOFACIAL SURGERY. - ISSN 1010-5182. - 40:5(2012), pp. 473-479.
|Titolo:||Facial movement before and after masseteric-facial nerves anastomosis : a three-dimensional optoelectronic pilot study|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/16 - Anatomia Umana|
Settore MED/29 - Chirurgia Maxillofacciale
|Data di pubblicazione:||2012|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2011.07.004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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