Objectives: Low 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) was associated with severe fibrosis and low sustained virological response (SVR) after interferon (IFN)-based therapy in chronic hepatitis C. Furthermore, hypovitaminosis D was reported in HIV-infected individuals, but its role in liver disease progression in HIV/HCV coinfection is unknown. Methods: 25(OH)D was retrospectively measured in 237 HIV-infected patients (93 with HCV coinfection) and 76 healthy controls. Multivariate analysis included season, immuno-virological data, combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) and, in a subgroup of 51 HIV/HCV-genotype 1 coinfected patients, factors influencing SVR to pegylated-IFN and ribavirin. In a group of 20 patients, liver expression of cytochrome (CY)-P27A1 and CYP2R1, 25-hydroxylating enzymes, was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Results: Median 25(OH)D levels were 23.4 (interquartile range 16.7-33.7) ng/mL in the HIV-infected population and 24 ng/mL (18.3-29.5) in healthy controls (p=0.9). At multiple regression analysis, only winter/spring measurements correlated with lower 25(OH)D levels. No correlation with HCV coinfection, nor with cART regimens was found. Low 25(OH)D was independently associated with advanced fibrosis in HIV/HCV coinfected patients (p=0.023), whereas no association emerged with SVR to IFN-based therapy. CYP27A1 and CYP2R1 expression was associated neither with 25(OH)D serum levels nor with HCV-infection, liver histology, or cART. Conclusions: In our experience, despite the high prevalence of 25(OH)D insufficiency, HIV and HCV-infection did not seem to influence vitamin D status. The role of HIV, HCV and cART on hypovitaminosis D needs further validation in larger cohorts that account for the vitamin levels in general populations and for seasonal and regional variability
Liver-Related Factors Associated with Low Vitamin D Levels in HIV and HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients and Comparison to General Population / L. Milazzo, C. Mazzali, G. Bestetti, E. Longhi, A. Foschi, A. Viola, T. Vago, M. Galli, C. Parravicini, S. Antinori. - In: CURRENT HIV RESEARCH. - ISSN 1570-162X. - 9:3(2011 Apr 01), pp. 186-193.
|Titolo:||Liver-Related Factors Associated with Low Vitamin D Levels in HIV and HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients and Comparison to General Population|
|Parole Chiave:||CYP27A1 ; CYP2R1 ; 25-hydroxyvitamin D insufficiency ; HIV ; HIV/HCV coinfection ; liver fibrosis ; Immunohistochemistry ; SVR ; CYP27A1|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/17 - Malattie Infettive|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1-apr-2011|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/157016211795945269|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|