As the LHC luminosity is ramped up to 3×10<sup>34</sup> cm<sup>−2</sup> s<sup>−1</sup> and beyond, the high rates, multiplicities, and energies of particles seen by the detectors will pose a unique challenge. Only a tiny fraction of the produced collisions can be stored on tape and immense real-time data reduction is needed. An effective trigger system must maintain high trigger efficiencies for the physics we are most interested in, and at the same time suppress the enormous QCD backgrounds. This requires massive computing power to minimize the online execution time of complex algorithms. A multi-level trigger is an effective solution for an otherwise impossible problem. The Fast Tracker (FTK) is a proposed upgrade to the current ATLAS trigger system that will operate at full Level-1 output rates and provide high quality tracks reconstructed over the entire detector by the start of processing in Level-2. FTK solves the combinatorial challenge inherent to tracking by exploiting massive parallelism of associative memories that can compare inner detector hits to millions of pre-calculated patterns simultaneously. The tracking problem within matched patterns is further simplified by using pre-computed linearized fitting constants and leveraging fast DSPs in modern commercial FPGAs. Overall, FTK is able to compute the helix parameters for all tracks in an event and apply quality cuts in less than 100 µs. The system design is defined and studied with respect to high transverse momentum (high-P<inf>T</inf>) Level-2 objects: b-jets, tau-jets, and isolated leptons. We test FTK algorithms using ATLAS full simulation with WH events up to 3×10<sup>34</sup> cm<sup>−2</sup> s<sup>−1</sup> luminosity and comparing FTK results with the offline tracking capability. We present the architecture and the reconstruction performances for the mentioned high-P<inf>T</inf> Level-2 objects.
The Fast Track real time processor and its impact on muon isolation, tau and b-jet online selections at ATLAS / A. Andreani, A. Andreazza, A. Annovi, M. Beretta, V. Bevacqua, M. Bogdan, E. Bossini, A. Boveia, F. Canelli, Y. Cheng, M. Citterio, F. Crescioli, M. Dell'Orso, G. Drake, M. Dunford, J.F. Genat, P. Giannetti, F. Giorgi, J. Hoff, A. Kapliy, M. Kasten, Y.K. Kim, N. Kimura, A. Lanza, V. Liberali, T. Liu, A. Mccarn, C. Melachrinos, C. Meroni, A. Negri, M. Neubauer, M. Piendibene, J. Proudfoot, G. Punzi, M. Riva, F. Sabatini, I. Sacco, L. Sartori, M. Shochet, A. Stabile, F. Tang, A. Todri, R. Tripiccione, J. Tuggle, V. Vercesi, M. Villa, R.A. Vitillo, G. Volpi, J. Wu, K. Yorita, J. Zhang - In: 2010 17th IEEE-NPSS Real Time ConferencePiscataway : IEEE, 2010 May. - ISBN 9781424471089. - pp. 1-8 (( Intervento presentato al 17. convegno IEEE-NPSS real time conference tenutosi a Lisbon nel 2010.
|Titolo:||The Fast Track real time processor and its impact on muon isolation, tau and b-jet online selections at ATLAS|
ANDREANI, ALESSANDRO (Primo)
ANDREAZZA, ATTILIO (Secondo)
|Parole Chiave:||Trigger concepts and systems (hardware and software); digital electronic circuits|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore FIS/01 - Fisica Sperimentale|
Settore ING-INF/01 - Elettronica
|Data di pubblicazione:||mag-2010|
|Enti collegati al convegno:||IEEE|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/RTC.2010.5750337|
|Tipologia:||Book Part (author)|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||03 - Contributo in volume|
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