This Thesis describes our work at the boundary between Computer Science and Cognitive (Neuro)Science. In particular, (1) we have worked on methodological improvements to clustering-based meta-analysis of neuroimaging data, which is a technique that allows to collectively assess, in a quantitative way, activation peaks from several functional imaging studies, in order to extract the most robust results in the cognitive domain of interest. Hierarchical clustering is often used in this context, yet it is prone to the problem of non-uniqueness of the solution: a different permutation of the same input data might result in a different clustering result. In this Thesis, we propose a new version of hierarchical clustering that solves this problem. We also show the results of a meta-analysis, carried out using this algorithm, aimed at identifying specific cerebral circuits involved in single word reading. Moreover, (2) we describe preliminary work on a new connectionist model of single word reading, named the two-component model because it postulates a cascaded information flow from a more cognitive component that computes a distributed internal representation for the input word, to an articulatory component that translates this code into the corresponding sequence of phonemes. Output production is started when the internal code, which evolves in time, reaches a sufficient degree of clarity; this mechanism has been advanced as a possible explanation for behavioral effects consistently reported in the literature on reading, with a specific focus on the so called serial effects. This model is here discussed in its strength and weaknesses. Finally, (3) we have turned to consider how features that are typical of human cognition can inform the design of improved artificial agents; here, we have focused on modelling concepts inspired by emotion theory. A model of emotional interaction between artificial agents, based on probabilistic finite state automata, is presented: in this model, agents have personalities and attitudes that can change through the course of interaction (e.g. by reinforcement learning) to achieve autonomous adaptation to the interaction partner. Markov chain properties are then applied to derive reliable predictions of the outcome of an interaction. Taken together, these works show how the interplay between Cognitive Science and Computer Science can be fruitful, both for advancing our knowledge of the human brain and for designing more and more intelligent artificial systems.
INVESTIGATIONS ON COGNITIVE COMPUTATION AND COMPUTATIONAL COGNITION / I. Cattinelli ; tutor: Nunzio Alberto Borghese ; correlatore: Eraldo Paulesu. - Milano : Università degli studi di Milano. Universita' degli Studi di Milano, 2011 Mar 24. ((22. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2009.
|Titolo:||INVESTIGATIONS ON COGNITIVE COMPUTATION AND COMPUTATIONAL COGNITION|
|Data di pubblicazione:||24-mar-2011|
|Parole Chiave:||cognitive science ; computer science ; meta-analysis of neuroimaging data ; clustering ; cognitive modelling ; connectionism ; neural network ; reading ; affective computing|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore INF/01 - Informatica|
|Citazione:||INVESTIGATIONS ON COGNITIVE COMPUTATION AND COMPUTATIONAL COGNITION / I. Cattinelli ; tutor: Nunzio Alberto Borghese ; correlatore: Eraldo Paulesu. - Milano : Università degli studi di Milano. Universita' degli Studi di Milano, 2011 Mar 24. ((22. ciclo, Anno Accademico 2009.|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.13130/cattinelli-isabella_phd2011-03-24|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||Tesi di dottorato|